Become a Professional Forex Trader
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Our Course has everything you need to learn to become a Forex trader. Take advantage of the financial market in 11 lessons and learn how to trade Forex like a professional.
By taking our Forex trading course, you will learn to:
- Recognize business opportunities
- Utilize movements of currency rates
- Forecast future events and their influence on currencies
- Use all the tools and aids offered by the trading platforms
- Implement technical and fundamental analysis
- Start making profits and begin your journey to success!
- Different trading styles
Preparation for Learn 2 Trade Trading Course
The Forex market is a worldwide market of currencies (called instruments). The market measures the value of a currency in terms of another currency’s value (e.g.. $1 = £0.66).
First Steps in Learn 2 Trade – Basic Terminology
It is very important to get to know Learn 2 Trade Terminology in order to trade knowledgeably. The terminology is important to be able to read currency price quotes.
Synchronize Time and Place for Forex Trading
It’s time to learn more about the market. Our step by step journey through Forex continues. So before jumping into the deep water, let’s wet our feet first, and get used to the temperature… and focus on the following forex trading terms:
Get Equipped for Learn 2 Trade
Now that you wet your toes, we are ready to start swimming lessons… Let’s jump right in. We will now start giving you the basic tools necessary to be a successful Learn 2 Trade trader.
Fundamental Learn 2 Trade Strategies
Sometimes a fundamental approach is even more important than a technical one. From George Soros to Warren Buffet, some of the world’s most famous traders have admitted that they owe their fortunes to the fundamental analysis they have made over the years.
Technical Forex Trading Strategies
It’s time to get right into the thick of things and start learning about technical analysis, one of the most common forex trading strategies. In Chapter 6 we will discuss some of the most popular forex trading strategies.
The Fibonacci Technical Indicator
In the next two chapters, you will receive a detailed introduction to your technical toolbox. Every professional has his own working tools and so do Forex traders. Our toolbox contains a variety of analytical tools. These tools are helpful for efficient, professional technical analysis (which at the same time, in many cases, support fundamental decisions).
More Technical Trading Indicators
Having met Mr. Fibonacci, it’s time to get to know some other popular technical indicators. The indicators you are about to learn about are formulas and mathematical tools. As prices shift all the time, the indicators help us put prices into patterns and systems.
6 Killer Combinations for Trading Strategies
In Chapter 9 we will show you which trading strategies you can combine to get the best results (two is usually better than one).
Risk and Money Management
In Chapter 10 – Risk and Money Management we will discuss how to maximize your profits while minimizing your risk, using one of the most important tools of forex trading – proper money and risk management. This will help you mitigate your risk and still allow you to make a nice profit.
Learn 2 Trade in Relation to Stocks and Commodities and Trading with MetaTrader
In Chapter 11 –Learn 2 Trade in Relation to Stocks and Commodities and Trading with MetaTrader you will learn about the relationship between stocks, indices, and commodities to the learn 2 trade market. In addition, you will learn how to master the MetaTrader platform.
Forex Course & Forex – otherwise referred to as ‘FX’, is the largest and most liquid asset marketplace globally. It involves trading currencies day and night, 24/7. With stakeholders including traders, banks, investors and even tourists – forex consists of swapping one currency to another.
Like a marriage of currency and exchange – traders around the world are buying and selling these currencies with the view of profiteering or hedging. The demand and supply determined in these markets is what sets the currency exchange rate.
Whether you are new to forex trading or are a seasoned trader, knowledge is power. As such, our team of experts here at Learn 2 Trade have put together a guide full of useful information.
In this forex course, we are going to run you through everything you need to know about trading currencies. This includes basic terminology, technical analysis, chart reading, trading strategies, risk management, and more!
Table of Content
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What is Forex?
Forex is essentially the foreign exchange market, comparable to the London Stock Exchange or NASDAQ, but for currencies from around the globe. Sometimes referred to as FX, forex is responsible for the exchange rate for two currencies (referred to as a currency pair). Anyone can join in and try to make a profit in this trading market.
With corporations, banks and investors all buying and selling foreign currencies 24 hours a day and 7 days a week, it is very clear that forex trading is increasingly popular amongst investors and traders around the world. And with an estimated 5 trillion US dollars being traded every single day, the forex market is showing no sign of slowing down.
This trading scene covers a variety of purposes, such as exchanging foreign currencies for tourism, a corporation looking to hedge risk, or perhaps just to make a trade which might prove profitable. Whatever the reason, one of the major draws is the fact that once you’ve opened a position you can put an automatic stop loss in place, which closes the trade for you in a risk-averse manner.
Ultimately, from your perspective, the main premise of the forex market is to sell or buy currencies against each other, with the aim of making money. You will achieve this goal when you correctly speculate which way a particular exchange moves in the short term.
Next in this forex course, we are going to run through some of the most predominantly used phrases and terms utilized in the space.
Forex Course: Commonly Used Terms
We at Learn 2 Trade believe that cutting through the jargon is crucial when it comes to learning and honing in on your forex skills.
Below you’ll find a list of the most important terms that you need to master.
In effect, the currency pairs considered the most liquid are the currencies which are the most popular (supply and demand). These are known as ‘major pairs’. The investments of traders, banks, exporters and importers actually create this all-important supply and demand.
A great example of a liquid currency pair would be EUR/USD. In fact, it is widely believed that this is the most liquid currency pair in the forex market. Again this is down to supply and demand, and thus – it is the most traded currency pair.
EUR/USD offers traders a variety of short term trading prospects. This is because of a large number of pips moved on a daily basis. With an impressive average of between 90 and 120 pips, it’s clear to see why this is considered a very liquid pair.
Some other popular currency pairs are as follows:
- GBP/USD: Great British Pound/United States Dollar
- AUD/USD: Australian Dollar/United States Dollar
- USD/JPY: United States Dollar/Japanese Yen
- USD/CAD: United States Dollar/Canadian Dollar
- USD/CHF: United States Dollar/Swiss Franc
- AUD/USD: Australian Dollar/United States Dollar
Here are a few examples when it comes to lesser used and more ‘exotic’ currency pairs
- EUR/GBP: Euro/Sterling.
- NZD/JPY: New Zealand Dollar/Japanese Yen.
- GBP/JPY: Great British Pound/Japanese Yen.
- EUR/AUD: Euro/Australian Dollar.
- GBP/CAD: Great British Pound/Canadian Dollar.
- AUD/HKD: Australian Dollar/Hong Kong Dollar
Whilst they are less popular than the majors, it is not impossible to do well from these pairs with a little knowledge.
Even though, for instance, AUD/NZD doesn’t tend to move many pips in a trading day, we think it is still beneficial to familiarise yourself with exotic currency pairs. The more you know the better prepared you will be – should you decide to give minor or exotic pairs ago.
Pip (Point in Percentage)
The pip is representative of the lowest amount that a currency pair quotation can change, within the forex trading market. A pip, meaning ‘point in percentage’, shows any small shifts marked in a forex currency pair.
The base unit in the cost of a currency pair is essentially the pip, so 0.0001 of the quoted price.
For instance, if a bid price for EUR/GBP currency pair shifts from 1.15701 to 1.15702, this shows you as a trader that the difference is of one pip.
Even if you only have a basic grasp of forex trading, you will have no doubt heard of the spread. Having a basic understanding of the spread and how it works in the forex market can certainly help you make a profit in the long run.
Generally speaking, the most extensively used currency pairs will have a tighter spread, and the least popular will have a higher spread. Sometimes the most commonly used currency pairs can have a spread of less than a pip.
The spread is essentially the difference between the purchase cost and the sale price of the currency pair, at your chosen broker. These costs will shift and swing throughout the trading day, and whatever happens, is depicted by the spread.
The profits you make from trade must exceed the spread in order for you to make a profit.
We couldn’t create a forex trading course page without talking about margin. after all, margins are an essential part of forex trading.
The amount of money put forward by a trader in order to either place a trade or maintain a position is called a margin. This can be a great way for traders to build up their market prospects.
Your margin will be guarded by the forex broker whilst the forex trade is open. Essentially, a margin is a bit like a down payment, instead of a transaction cost.
Forex brokers will quite often give their clients access to leverage (see below). Normally, the forex trader needs a high margin so that they can trade in high volumes. As such, in order to make decent enough profit leverage will be offered.
For many forex traders, the leverage tools provided by their forex broker can be an excellent way of boosting market positions. Capital is typically presented in the shape of leverage, and this is so forex brokers can expand the number of trades it can provide to its customers.
Before you can begin trading whilst also taking advantage of leverage, you are going to need to open a margin account with a forex broker. Depending on the size of your position and also the broker in question, leverage is often as high as 200:1. But, UK and European retail clients are often capped to 1:30 – as per ESMA regulations.
Our team at Learn 2 Trade have put together 3 examples of leverage.
- Example 1: If you stake $100 at a leverage of 1:10, then your trade is worth $1,000. If you initially made a profit of $40, this would be amplified to $400.
- Example 2: If your leverage is 1:20 and you have $1,000 in your trading account – you can trade a position of $10,000 on your currency pair. In other words, all profits and losses are boosted by 20x.
- Example 3: If you have a long position of GBP/USD with a stake of $500 at a leverage of 1:30, your profits and losses will be amplified by 30x. So, if you make gains of 10%, your profits would go from $50 to $500.
Like light and dark, what brings a reward can also bring a loss. Always be aware that whilst leverage can be excellent for boosting those profits, it can also boost losses if you are not careful.
If your account does happen to drop below zero, then you might be able to contact your forex broker to request a negative balance policy. In doing so, this will make sure that you don’t lose more money than you have deposited in the first place.
It’s essentially a protective measure for traders and will give you peace of mind that you are not falling into debt with your forex broker. The good news is that most online forex brokers offer negative balance protection automatically, albeit, you should check this before signing up. This is especially the cases with brokers that fall within the remit of ESMA.
Forex Trading: Commonly Used Orders
In this section of our forex course, we explain some of the most broadly used market orders, with an explanation of each. This is crucial, as these orders will be passed on to your forex broker of choice, to enable them to carry out positions on your behalf.
Buy and Sell Orders
If as a trader you expect for the price of an asset to drop, you will ‘go short’. The reason for this is that in order to benefit from purchasing the asset at a lower rate, you essentially need to place a ‘sell order’. Similarly, if you think the price of the pair will increase, you place a ‘buy order’, which is known as ‘going long’.
A simple way to view a currency pair price is that it will be based on what the value of the 2nd currency is, and how much you are able to swap the 1st currency for. In other words, the currency pair price will be based on the current exchange rate for the currency (as a pair). For example, if EUR/USD is priced at 1.14, then you are getting 1.14 USD for every 1 EUR.
The forex broker will offer you a purchase (buy order) and sale price (sell order) based either side of that number. The difference between the two prices is the spread.
Now let’s say you have purchased a primary financial instrument like GBP/JPY and choose to remain in a long position. This means that you are predicting that GBP will go up in value against the JPY. If you purchased the pair GBP/JPY twice, it means that you have 2 long positions of the same currency pair (USD/JPY). The base currency in this pair is GBP, and the size of the position is 2 lots (contracts), and the direction is ‘long’.
Also called a limit-buy order, this is essentially an order to say that you want to enter the market at a specific price. For example, if GBP/USD is priced at 1.30 but you want to enter the market when it hits 1.29, you would need to enter a limit order. Only when your pre-defined price is triggered, does the order go live. Until then, it remains in a status of ‘pending’.
This order tells your broker that you want to sell a ‘security’ as soon as a specific price is reached. The aim here is to help decrease your loss on a security position.
A take-profit order tells your forex broker that you wish to close your trade or position as soon as a price hits a particular price profit level. In other words, the fundamentals work exactly the same as a stop-loss order, but in reverse.
Common Forex Charts
In this part of our forex course, we are going to delve into the most commonly used charts. Thanks to the vast amount of technical analysis tools available to you as a trader, there are many ways in which you can increase your chances of making a profit
Generally, traders use forex charts on a daily basis in order to examine and analyse a huge variety of currency pairs, as well as alternative financial markets. Below we’ve put together a list of the most used charts in forex trading, with an explanation of how each one works.
The line chart is one of the simplest charts, so it’s a great starting point if you’re a newbie trader. Crucially, it is still very helpful for traders to study when it comes to examining the bigger picture. The elementary style of the price chart is actually one of the things which makes it so popular. Because of the style used, traders are able to cut out some of the ‘busy noise’ of the market and just focus on simple facts.
It is worth noting that line charts are quite different to bar charts and candlestick charts (see below). The latter, for example, displays the opening and closing of a period, including price actions. The line chart on the other hand simply shows one singular line, which is essentially a projection. This connects together the closing of each period.
For example, when looking at a daily line chart which is displaying the price action on GBP/AUS, the line shown will represent price action on that pair. This is displayed by the line connecting results and daily losing prices. As any great forex course will tell you, line price charts act as a useful filter for people wanting to analyse information in a busy market.
The line chart mirrors the nature of the market by showing only the closing price. By not concentrating on the price action within closing and opening market prices, a line chart makes trends easier to spot, and patterns more easily recognisable.
OHLC (Open, High, Low, Close)
Although another helpful chart for traders, OHLC does differ from the line chart. This is mainly because it is a bar chart, and displays a lot more information such as the opening and close price of the pair, as well as highs and lows. An OHLC bar chart is a great way for you to really study any negative or positive stock price movements. This will always be done within a specified time frame, whether that is 1 hour or an entire trading day.
Each bar you are looking at on the OHLC chart will be representative of a time frame. For example, if you are viewing a daily chart, each bar will represent a full trading day and is going to draw your attention to any movement in a price within that time.
We’ve put together a few points which should help you to make sense of the OHLC:
- The low of the chart bar is to illustrate the lowest market price – within the specific time frame.
- The high of the chart bar is to illustrate the highest market price – within the specific time frame.
- The dash on the right of the bar illustrates the closing price.
- The dash on the left of the bar illustrates the opening price.
- The buyer bar is also named the green bar, and this illustrates that the opening price is more than the closing price.
- The seller bar is also named the red bar, and this illustrates that the opening price is less than the closing price.
When traders are studying which direction assets and price movements might be going, the OHLC is a very helpful way to gain a clearer picture.
First used by Japanese rice traders during the early 1700s, the candlestick chart is now hugely popular with heaps of traders worldwide. The candlestick chart is very similar to the OHLC chart we talked about a moment ago. This is because traders have access to open, close, low and high values within a specific time frame.
Due to the candlestick chart’s scope of price action patterns and easy on the eye visual appearance, it is thought to be one of the most popular charts for forex traders.
You will see 3 distinct points on a ‘price candle’:
- Open: This is the body of a candle and illustrates the starting price of an asset within a select period of time.
- Close: This is the body of a candle and illustrates the finishing price of an asset within a select period of time.
- The Wick: Also referred to as the shadow, the wick illustrates the price extremities for the specific timeframe. The wick is helpful for identifying market momentum.
Each candle will represent the price movement for the timeframe you have chosen. For example, when studying a daily chart, each candle will illustrate the close, open, and upper and lower wick for each individual day.
Don’t forget, a good way for traders to get to grips with these charts and really get the most out of them is to start with a demo account facility. You can typically find a forex demo account through your broker. It will allow you to practice before you take the plunge and begin trading with your hard-earned money.
Forex Trading Strategies and Systems
If you are just starting out in the world of forex, it is imperative that you learn the ins and outs of trading strategies. No trading strategy is better than the next, so you need to figure out what works for you and your long-term financial goals.
Below we list some of the most commonly used forex trading strategies.
This is known as a medium-term strategy (or approach). Swing trading very much concentrates on the bigger picture when it comes to price movements. Some Traders use swing trading as a way to amplify their current daily trades. Swing trading also means that you are able to leave your trade open for days or weeks at a time.
In a nutshell, forex scalping is used by traders who want to make multiple trades on a single pair, reaping the benefits of smaller price movements during the trading day.
Generally speaking, scalping will involve the buying and selling of trades within a matter of seconds, or a few minutes. This type of trading strategy makes it entirely feasible for traders to make a variety of small profits, all added together to potentially make up a big gain.
Intraday trading is more of a prudent approach to trading, and it focuses its attention on the 1-4 hour price trends. We think that this is a great trade for beginners due to the short amount of time the trade stays open. Intraday trading also provides traders with entry and stop-loss strategies and is considered low-risk.
Forex Trading Platforms
If you want to trade forex from the comfort of your home, you will need to find a forex trading platform that meets your needs. There are hundreds to choose from, so spending some time researching a suitable broker is crucial.
Some of the things that you need to look out for as listed below:
Trust in Your Broker
We think it’s just as important for your peace of mind as it is for your trading wallet to fully trust your forex broker. When you find a broker you would like to work with, we recommend checking that you are happy with a few key points:
- Speedy execution of data transfer
- Accuracy of quoted prices
- Fast order processing
- Reliable customer support
- Opening hours which match the forex market (24/7)
If your forex broker provides all of the above services (in a manner you trust), this will only enhance your trading experience. It’s going to aid you in making the most of new trading opportunities in a timely and efficient manner.
The majority of forex brokers will allow you to trade your account independently. This means you don’t need to request for your broker to take action on your behalf. You can act on any market movements quickly and efficiently and should have better control over open positions as and when they come up.
The most reputable forex trading platforms will have a variety of technical analysis and trading tools available to you at your disposal. You may find that some platforms offer embedded indicators, whilst others offer a plethora of fundamental analysis and technical analysis for you to study. We think the more features a broker has, the better. But, it depends on your trading style.
Having access to current financial news, a range of price charts and technical indicators will only enhance your trading journey and help you to become a much better trader later on. An example of a fast and simple trading platform is Meta Trader 4/5. A lot of forex brokers offer these platforms, which is great. Whether it’s highly developed charts or live market data news, these trading platforms are popular for a reason.
Always choose a forex broker who is fully licenced and regulated. This will give you the peace of mind that your trading account and your personal information is sufficiently protected.
Further down this forex course, our team of experts have put together a list of reputable forex brokers for your consideration. With that said, you need to check what regulatory bodies the broker in question is licensed by. We prefer reputable bodies like the UK’s FCA, Australia’s ASIC, or CySEC in Cyprus.
In this section of our forex course, we are going to discuss some of the most popular technical indicators utilized by seasoned traders. These allow you to perform advanced chart analysis and ultimately – evaluate which way a particular currency pair is likely to move in the short term.
SMA (Simple Moving Average)
The simple moving average (SMA) is well known amongst forex traders. This strategy is often referred to as a lagging indicator because it operates at a slower rate than the current market price. The SMA trading indicator focuses more on the history of price movement data than other strategies, making it very functional when spotting an overall trend.
If the short term moving average is above the long-term moving average – that’s a sign the most recent price is higher than the original price. You could take this as a buy signal because of the sign of uphill trend in the market. Of course, if the opposite happens, then this would indicate that a sell position is potentially in the making!
The donchian channel is a technical indicator that offers the trader an element of flexibility. You can choose your own timeframe, such as a 20-day breakdown. In doing so, the trend-following indicator will be illustrated by using the lowest low and the highest high within 20 periods.
A break in the channel will prompt one of these two orders:
- Buy: Within the last 20 periods the market price exceeds the highest high
- Sell: Within the last 20 periods the market price exceeds the lowest low
The moving averages of a donchian channel can be viewed between anywhere from 20 days to 300 days. The direction of the short-term moving average determines which direction will be permitted.
When considering your opening position there are two options:
- Short: The moving average of the previous period is higher than the moving average of 20 days.
- Long: The moving average of the previous period is lower than the moving average of 25 days.
If you have opened a long position but the market falls under the aforementioned limit, you will need to sell to exit your position.
A ‘breakout’ is a trading signal, often referred to as consolidation breakout. A breakout is thought to be a medium-term strategy, as markets switch between support bands and resistance bands. Whether the consolidation limits are lower or higher – the point at which a breakout signal occurs is when the market goes beyond those limits. Whenever there is a new trend, a breakout has to occur.
Analysing these breaks is a great way for you as a trader to try and predict whether a new trend is about to begin. Of course, there is no guarantee of the accuracy of the breakout signalling a new trend. As such, you might decide to utilise a stop-loss in order to give yourself a better chance of keeping your money safe.
Shielding your market orders from any sudden negative movement is really important. Following technical analysis and financial market, news is going to help you in doing this. You can give yourself a better understanding of risk management strategies by trying out a forex trading demo and taking some of your trading strategy ideas for a test drive.
Forex Course: Risks
When it comes to trading, there is always some risk attached. After all, you will be trading with your own money.
Some of the risks to keep an eye out for when trading forex are listed below:
Risk 1: Leverage
As we touched upon earlier in this forex course, leverage can play a big part in your trading – both in a good way and bad way. In other words, the greater your leverage is, the greater your benefits (or losses) will be. The risk is always that as well as boosting your profits, it can work against you and boost your losses. As such, you are best advised to limit the amount of leverage you apply when starting out.
Risk 2: Interest Rates
When the interest rate of a country drops, the currency of the country in question will become weaker. A weak currency results in investors withdrawing from investments. Due to the lack of supply and demand, this means you might suffer greater volatility levels and wider spreads.
Vice versa, when a currency is rising, it will be more liquid. The more liquid a currency is, the more people invest, and the lower the spread/volatility.
Risk 3: Transactions
At some point during the course of the contract, the exchange rate could be unsteady in the market. This is known as transaction risk. The main reason for currency rate fluctuation is usually differences in time zones and exchange rates. The longer that passes between the entering and closing of a contract, the higher the risk of these changes taking place.
Which Forex Broker to Use?
As we have noted throughout our guide, you need to use a reliable and trustworthy broker to trade forex online. Although we have discussed some of the research metrics you need to consider when selecting a platform, this can be time-consuming.
As such, below you will find a selection of popular brokers that are utilized by forex traders.
1. AVATrade – 2 x $200 Forex Welcome Bonuses
AVATrade is popular with traders that are looking for an extensive offering of tools and features. Whether you opt for MT4 or the AVATrade platform, you'll have access to market insights, technical indicators, and highly advanced chart reading tools. The platform charges no commissions, and deposits are free. Major pairs typically come with spreads of below 1 pip.
- 20% welcome bonus of upto $10,000
- Minimum deposit $100
- Verify your account before the bonus is credited
2. Capital.com – Zero Commissions and Ultra-Low Spreads
Capital.com is an FCA-regulated online broker that offers heaps of financial instruments. All in the form of CFDs - this covers stocks, indices, commodities, and even cryptocurrencies. You will not pay a single penny in commission, and spreads are super-tight. Leverage facilities are also on offer - fully in-line with ESMA limits.
Once again, this stands at 1:30 on majors and 1:20 on minors and exotics. If you are based outside of Europe or you are deemed to be a professional client, you will get even higher limits. Getting money into Capital.com is also a breeze - as the platform supports debit/credit cards, e-wallets, and bank account transfers. Best of all, you can get started with just 20 £/$.
- Zero commissions on all assets
- Super-tight spreads
- FCA regulated
- Does not offer traditional share dealing
Our forex course has put together a simple, yet highly informative introduction to online forex trading. We think that understanding technical analysis and macroeconomic principles of currency values are extremely important. Once you have the basics down, you are in a great position to be able to put your own trading strategy into action. This will help you to become a more successful trader later down the line.
If you are a trader who only wants to spend a small amount, you could find day trading and swing trading are good options for you. Due to the short-term nature of these trading strategies, this usually means making smaller profits, but on a more frequent basis.
Ultimately, we hope that this forex course has been a helping hand in making you feel like a more confident forex trader. All you need to do now is get trading and hopefully make consistent profits. If you are still nervous about taking the plunge, then there is nothing wrong with starting off on a forex demo account whilst you find your feet.
Eightcap - Regulated Platform With Tight Spreads
- Minimum deposit of just $250
- 100% commission-free platform with tight spreads
- Fee-free payments via debit/credit cards and e-wallets
- Thousands of CFD markets including Forex, Shares, Commodities, and Cryptocurrencies