Argentina’s Peso Plunges as New Government Unveils Economic Reforms

Azeez Mustapha


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In a dramatic move to tackle its economic crisis, Argentina’s newly-elected President Javier Milei has introduced a series of groundbreaking reforms, triggering a sharp devaluation of the peso. The currency plunged 118%, opening at 799.9 ARS against the dollar, per TradingView data, after Economy Minister Luis Caputo announced a significant exchange rate cut from 366 to 800 per dollar. The government plans to further devalue the peso by 2% monthly.

Argentinian Peso vs. US Dollar chart
USD/ARS Daily Chart

The primary objective of these measures is to narrow the gap between official and parallel exchange rates, which had surpassed 200%. President Milei aims to boost exports, attract foreign investment, and alleviate pressure on the central bank’s negative reserves.

Peso price action trend according to Reuters
Image: Reuters

Investors Are Cautiously Optimistic about the Peso and the Argentine Economy

Market reactions were cautiously positive; Argentina’s sovereign dollar bonds saw a rise of over 2%, and shares of state oil giant YPF increased by approximately 1% in premarket trading. However, forward FX contracts indicate investor expectations of continued peso depreciation, according to Reuters.

The comprehensive reforms include a fiscal adjustment equivalent to 5.2% of GDP, achieved through a 3% cut in public spending and a 2.2% increase in revenues. Energy subsidies will be reduced, public works contracts canceled, and public sector wages frozen.

Despite opposition from labor unions, social movements, and some within his coalition, President Milei, who assumed office in November, remains steadfast in his commitment to a radical economic overhaul based on free-market principles and monetary discipline. The International Monetary Fund (IMF), previously critical of Argentina’s economic policies, applauded these “bold” reforms, suggesting they could stabilize the economy and promote growth.

Argentina has grappled with inflation exceeding 100%, a prolonged recession, and a history of debt defaults. President Milei’s reforms represent a determined effort to break from the past and set the nation on a new economic trajectory. The international community will keenly observe the unfolding impact of these unprecedented measures on Argentina’s economic landscape.


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Azeez Mustapha

Azeez Mustapha is a trading professional, currency analyst, signals strategist, and funds manager with over ten years of experience within the financial field. As a blogger and finance author, he helps investors understand complex financial concepts, improve their investing skills, and learn how to manage their money.

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