ื‘ืขืกื˜ืขืจ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ 2022

ื“ืขืจื”ื™ื™ึทื ื˜ื™ืงื˜:

ื“ืขืจ ืื™ื ื”ืืœื˜ ืื™ื– ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื’ื™ืœื˜ื™ืง ืคึฟืึทืจ ื™ื•. ืขืก. ื™ื•ื–ืขืจื–.

ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื“ืขืจื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ืึทืจื•ื 1.8 ื‘ื™ืœื™ืึธืŸ ืื ื”ืขื ื’ืขืจืก ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืืžื•ื ื”. ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืงื™ืžืึทื˜ XNUMX/XNUMX ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื•ื•ืขืœื˜ 'ืก ื‘ืึทืคืขืœืงืขืจื•ื ื’. ืขืก ืื™ื– ื’ืขื•ื•ืขืŸ ืคื™ืœ ื“ื™ืกืงื•ืกื™ืข ืื™ื‘ืขืจ ื“ื™ ื™ืึธืจืฆืขื ื“ืœื™ื ื’ ื•ื•ื™ ื“ืขืจืœื•ื™ื‘ื˜ ืคืึทืจืฉื™ื“ืŸ ืคืืจืžืขืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืื•ืŸ ื™ื ื•ื•ืขืกื˜ื™ื ื’ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื˜ืึทืงืข, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ื“ื™ ื’ื•ื˜ืข ื ื™ื™ึทืขืก ืื™ื– ืึทื– ืขืก ืื™ื– ืœืขื’ืึทืžืจืข ืžืขื’ืœืขืš ืฆื• ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ ืžื™ื˜ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื‘ืจืึธื•ืงืขืจื™ื“ื–ืฉ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ.

ื˜ืจืึทื“ื™ื˜ื™ืึธื ืึทืœืœื™ ืื™ืŸ ืื™ืกืœืื, ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืื™ื– ื’ืขื’ืœื•ื™ื‘ื˜ ืฆื• ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืึทืจืึทื, ื›ืึธื˜ืฉ ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื– ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื•ื•ื™ ืฉื•ื•ืึทืจืฅ ืื•ืŸ ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืก. ื“ืขืจืฆื•, ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื‘ืืฉืืคืŸ ืฆื• ื’ืขื‘ืŸ ืžืขื ื˜ืฉืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืืžื•ื ื” ืฆื• ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืฆื• ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืื•ืŸ ื‘ืœื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ืืžืช ืฆื• ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ืืžื•ื ื”.

ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ืคืึธืจืขืงืก, ืœืžืฉืœ, ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืœืึทื ื’ ื•ื•ื™ ืื™ืจ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ื“ื•ืจืš ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื•ื™ืกืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ืจื™ื›ื˜ื™ืง ืจื™ื–ื™ืงื™ืจืŸ ืื•ืŸ ื‘ืึทืœื•ื™ื ื•ื ื’ ืึธื‘ื™ืขืงื˜ื™ื•ื• - ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื ื™ื˜ ืึธื ืจื™ืจืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง

ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ืขื ื‘ืœืึทื˜, ืžื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขืœืŸ ืจืขื“ืŸ ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ืึทืœืฅ ืคื•ืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืื™ื– ืื•ืŸ ื•ื•ื™ ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืฉื™ื™ืš ืฆื• ื“ื™ ื™ืกื•ื“ื•ืช ืคื•ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆืŸ. ืžื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขืœืŸ ืื•ื™ืš ื“ื™ืกืงื•ื˜ื™ืจืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืึทืกืขืฅ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืขืจืœื•ื™ื‘ื˜, ืื•ืŸ ื•ื•ื™ ืฆื• ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ืึท ืคึผืึทืกื™ืง ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท-ื’ืขื”ืึธืจื›ื™ืง ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื‘ืื“ืขืจืคืขื ื™ืฉืŸ.

ื˜ื™ืฉ ืคื•ืŸ ืื™ื ื”ืึทืœื˜

     

    Eightcap - ืจืขื’ื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ืึทื“ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข ืžื™ื˜ ืขื ื’ ืกืคึผืจืขื“ื–

    ืื•ื ื“ื–ืขืจ ืฉืึทืฅ

    ืคืึธืจืขืงืก ืกื™ื’ื ืึทืœื– - EightCap
    • ืžื™ื ื™ืžื•ื ืึทื•ื•ืขืงืœื™ื™ื’ืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– $ 250
    • 100% ืงืึธืžื™ืกื™ืข-ืคืจื™ื™ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข ืžื™ื˜ ืขื ื’ ืกืคึผืจืขื“ื–
    • ืึธืคึผืฆืึธืœ-ืคืจื™ื™ ืคึผื™ื™ืžืึทื ืฅ ื“ื•ืจืš ื“ืขื‘ื™ื˜ / ืงืจืขื“ื™ื˜ ืงืึทืจื“ืก ืื•ืŸ E- ื•ื•ืึธืœืึทืฅ
    • ื˜ื•ื™ื–ื ื˜ืขืจ ืคื•ืŸ CFD ืžืืจืงืคืœืขืฆืขืจ ืึทืจื™ื™ึทื ื’ืขืจืขื›ื ื˜ Forex, ืฉืึทืจืขืก, ืงืึทืžืึทื“ืึทื˜ื™ื– ืื•ืŸ ืงืจื™ืคึผื˜ืึธืงื•ืจืจืขื ืกื™
    ืคืึธืจืขืงืก ืกื™ื’ื ืึทืœื– - EightCap
    71% ืคื•ืŸ ืœืึทื›ืึธื“ื™ืž ื™ื ื•ื•ืขืกื˜ืขืจ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืคืึทืจืœื™ืจืŸ ื’ืขืœื˜ ื•ื•ืขืŸ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ืงืคื“ ืžื™ื˜ ื“ืขื ืฉืคึผื™ื™ึทื–ืขืจ.
    ื‘ืึทื–ื•ื›ืŸ ืึทื›ื˜ืงืึทืคึผ ืื™ืฆื˜

    ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ื˜?

    ืื™ืŸ ืึท ื ืึทื˜ืฉืขืœ, ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื‘ืืฉืืคืŸ ืกืคึผืึทืกื™ืคื™ืงืœื™ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืžืขื ื˜ืฉืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ื•ื•ื™ืœืŸ ืฆื• ืึทืงื˜ื™ื•ื•ืœื™ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ, ื‘ืฉืขืช ื ืึธื›ื’ื™ื™ืŸ ืึทืœืข ื“ื™ ืคึผืจื™ื ืฆื™ืคึผืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆืŸ ื’ืขื–ืขืฆืŸ. ื“ืขืจ ื˜ื™ืคึผ ืคื•ืŸ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ื˜ ืื™ื– ื™ื•ื–ืฉืึทื•ื•ืึทืœื™ ืจื™ืคืขืจื“ ืฆื• ื•ื•ื™ ืึท 'ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ-ืคืจื™ื™ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ' - ื˜ื™ื™ึทื˜ืฉ ืึทื– ืขืก ืื™ื– ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก (ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืคึผืจืึธื•ื›ื™ื‘ืึทื˜ืึทื“ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืžืขื ื˜ืฉืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืืžื•ื ื”).

    ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื–ืขื ื˜ ื’ืขื˜ืจื™ื™ึท ืฆื• ื“ื™ ืงื•ื•ืจืึทืŸ, ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืฆื• ื”ืึทืœื˜ืŸ ื“ื™ ื›ึผืœืœื™ื ืคื•ืŸ ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ ืึธืŸ ื–ืึธืจื’ ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ื‘ืึทืฆืึธืœืŸ ืึธื“ืขืจ ืขืจื ื™ื ื’ ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก.

    ื›ืึธื˜ืฉ ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื•ื•ื™ ืคื™ืœืข ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื‘ืจืึธืงืขืจืก ื•ื•ื™ ื‘ืขืงืึทื‘ืึธืœืขื“ื™ืง ื‘ืจืึธืงืขืจืก, ืขืก ืื™ื– ืžืขืจ ื•ื•ื™ ืึท ื™ืึธืจ ืฆื• ื™ืึธืจ. ืขืก ืื™ื– ื›ื“ืื™ ืฆื• ื‘ืืžืขืจืงืŸ ืึทื– ื›ืึธื˜ืฉ ื ื™ื˜ ืึทืœืข ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืงืึธืžืคึผืึทื ื™ืขืก ืคืึธืจืฉืœืึธื’ืŸ ืกืคึผืขืฆื™ืคื™ืฉ 'ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ', ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืคื™ืœืข ืคืึธืจืฉืœืึธื’ืŸ ืึท ืกื˜ืึทื ื“ืึทืจื˜ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ - ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืงืึทืกื˜ืึทืžื™ื™ื–ื“ ืฆื• ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืื“ืขืจืคืขื ื™ืฉืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืœื•ื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ.

    ื™ืกื•ื“ื•ืช ืคื•ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ

    ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืžื™ืจ ืึธื ืจื™ืจืŸ, ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื‘ืืฉืืคืŸ ืฆื• ืึทืงืึทืžืึทื“ื™ื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ื’ืจื•ื ื˜ ืคึผืจื™ื ืฆื™ืคึผืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆืŸ ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ, ื•ื•ืึธืก ืึทื ื“ืขืจืฉ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืžืึทื›ืŸ ื“ื™ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขืก ืงืึธืžืคึผืœื™ืฆื™ืจื˜.

    ื“ื™ ืฉื™ื™ื›ื•ืช ืฆื•ื•ื™ืฉืŸ ื“ื™ ื‘ืึทืจืึธื•ืขืจ ืื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื‘ืึทืœ - ื”ืึทืœื•ื•ืึธืข ืื™ื– ื˜ืึทืงืข ื•ื•ื™ื›ื˜ื™ืง ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืขืก ืงื•ืžื˜ ืฆื• ื“ื™ ื™ืกื•ื“ื•ืช ืคื•ืŸ ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ. ืฆื•ื ื‘ื™ื™ืฉืคึผื™ืœ, ื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืื™ื– ืึทื ืขื˜ื™ืงืึทืœ ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ื“ืขืจ ืžืขื ื˜ืฉ 'ื‘ืึทืจืึธื•ื™ื ื’' ืœื™ื™ื“ืŸ ื“ื™ ืžืขืจื”ื™ื™ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืจื™ื–ื™ืงื™ืจืŸ ื‘ืฉืขืช ื“ื™ 'ื‘ืึทืœ - ื”ืึทืœื•ื•ืึธืข' ื‘ืึทืงื•ืžืขืŸ ื“ื™ ื‘ืึทืœื•ื™ื ื•ื ื’. ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืืžื•ื ื”, ื“ืขื ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืื™ื– ื’ืขืจื•ืคึฟืŸ 'ืจื™ื‘ืึท', ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืžืขืจ ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ื“ืขื ืื™ืŸ ืึท ืžืึธืžืขื ื˜.

    ืžื™ืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืฆื•ื ื•ื™ืคื’ืขืฉื˜ืขืœื˜ ืึท ื•ื•ืขื’ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทื–ืขืจ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืคืึทื ื“ืึทืžืขื ื˜ืึทืœื– ืคื•ืŸ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ, ืฆื• ืึธืคึผื“ืึทืš ื“ื™ ืžืขืจืกื˜ ื•ื•ื™ื›ื˜ื™ืง ื›ึผืœืœื™ื ืฆื• ื ืึธื›ืคืึธืœื’ืŸ ืึท ื‘ื™ืกืœ ืžืขืจ ืœื™ื›ื˜ ืฆื• ื‘ืœื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ืืžืช ืฆื• ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืืžื•ื ื”.

    ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ืื™ืŸ ื”ืึทื ื˜ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’

    ื•ื•ื™ ืžื™ืจ ื’ืขื–ืื’ื˜, ื“ื™ ื•ื ื˜ืขืจื˜ืขื ื™ืง ืคื•ืŸ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ืื™ื– ื•ื•ื™ื™ื“ืœื™ ื’ืขืจืขื›ื ื˜ ื•ื•ื™ ื”ืึทืจืึทื ืื™ื– ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืึท ืฉื ื™ื™ึทื“ืŸ ืื•ืŸ ื˜ืจื•ืงืŸ. ืœื•ื™ื˜ ืฆื• ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ, ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ืื™ื– ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ ืื•ื™ื‘ ืขืก ืื™ื– ื“ื•ืจื›ื’ืขืงืึธื›ื˜ 'ื”ืึทื ื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื”ืึทื ื˜'. ื”ื•ื ื“ืขืจื˜ืขืจ ืคื•ืŸ ื™ืึธืจืŸ ืฆื•ืจื™ืง, ื“ืึธืก ืจื™ืคืขืจื“ ืฆื• ืคึผื ื™ื ืฆื• ืคึผื ื™ื ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ืคื•ืŸ ื–ืื›ืŸ ื•ื•ื™ ื’ืึธืœื“, ื•ื•ื™ื™ืฅ, ื“ืึทื˜ืขืก ืื•ืŸ ื–ืึทืœืฅ.

    ื“ืึธืš, ืฉื ืขืœ ืคืึธืจื•ื™ืก ืฆื• ื“ื™ 21 ื™ืึธืจื”ื•ื ื“ืขืจื˜ ืื•ืŸ ืžืขืจืกื˜ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืื™ื– ื“ื•ืจื›ื’ืขืงืึธื›ื˜ ืึธื ืœื™ื™ืŸ. ื ืคึผืœืึทืฅ ื”ืื˜ ื’ืขื‘ื™ื˜ืŸ, ืžื™ื˜ ื›ึผืžืขื˜ 60% ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื•ื•ืขืœื˜ ืื™ืฆื˜ ืึทืงืกืขืก ืฆื• ื“ื™ ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจื ืขื˜, ืื•ืŸ ืงื™ืžืึทื˜ 10 ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ืขืจื– ื ื•ืฆืŸ ืึธื ืœื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืจืึธืงืขืจืก ืฆื• ืงืขืกื™ื™ื“ืขืจ ื™ื ื•ื•ืขืกื˜ื™ืจืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืžืืจืงืคืœืขืฆืขืจ ืึทืจื•ื ื“ื™ ื•ื•ืขืœื˜.

    ื“ื™ ืคืึทื ื“ืึทืžืขื ื˜ืึทืœื– ืคื•ืŸ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ืื™ืŸ ื”ืึทื ื˜ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื ืึธืš ืฉื˜ื™ื™ืŸ - ื“ื™ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ืงืึธื ื˜ืจืึทืงื˜ ืžื•ื–ืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื“ื•ืจื›ื’ืขืงืึธื›ื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขืจ ื–ืขืœื‘ื™ืงืขืจ 'ืกืขืกื™ืข'. ื“ืขื ืžื™ื˜ืœ ืึทื– ืึทืœืข ืึธืจื“ืขืจืก ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืขืงืกืึทืงื™ื•ื˜ืึทื“ ืžื™ื“ 

    ืจื™ื‘ืึท: ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก

    ืื™ืŸ ืขื ื’ืœื™ืฉ, ื“ื™ ื•ื•ืึธืจื˜ 'ืจื™ื‘ืึท' ื˜ืจืึทื ื–ืœื™ื™ืฅ โ€‹โ€‹ืฆื• 'ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก'. ืื™ืŸ ืึทืจืึทื‘ื™ืฉ, ืขืก ืžื™ื™ื ืขืŸ ืคืึทืจื’ืจืขืกืขืจืŸ ืื•ืŸ ื•ื™ื“ืขืคื“ื™ืง. ืจื™ื‘ืึท ืื™ื– ืึธืŸ ืฆื•ื•ื™ื™ืคืœ ื”ืึทืจืึทื, ืœืึทืจื’ืขืœื™ ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ืขืก ืื™ื– ื’ืขื’ืœื•ื™ื‘ื˜ ืฆื• ื”ืขื›ืขืจืŸ ื ืขื’ืึทื˜ื™ื•ื• ื•ื•ื•ึผืงืก ืื•ืŸ ืึท ืคืึทืจื“ืึธืจื‘ืŸ ื’ืขื–ืขืœืฉืึทืคื˜.

    ื ืจืขืคืขืจืขื ืฅ ืฆื• ื“ืขื ื’ืœื•ื™ื‘ืŸ ืื™ื– ื’ืขืžื™ื™ื ื˜ ืฆื• ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืฉื•ื™ืŸ ื’ื™ืœื•ื™ ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขืจ ืขืจืฉื˜ืขืจ ื”ืชื’ืœื•ืช ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืจื•ื— ืงื•ื•ืจืึทืŸ ืฆื•ื•ื™ืฉืŸ 609 CE ืื•ืŸ 632 CE;

    "ื“ืึธืก ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ืจ ื’ืขื‘ืŸ ื•ื•ื™ ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืฆื• ืคืึทืจื’ืจืขืกืขืจืŸ ื“ื™ ืขืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืžืขื ื˜ืฉืŸ ื™ื ืงืจื™ืกื™ื– ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื‘ื™ื™ ื’ืึธื˜; ืึธื‘ืขืจ ื“ืึธืก, ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ืจ ื’ื™ื˜ ืื™ืŸ ืฆื“ืงื”, ืื•ืŸ ื–ื•ื›ื˜ ื“ืขื ื’ื•ื˜ืŸ ื•ื•ื™ืœืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ื’ืึธื˜, ืžืขืจื˜ ื–ื™ืš ืคื™ืœ ืคื™ืœ.

    ืขืก ืื™ื– ืึท ืคื™ืจื•ื ื’ ืฆื• ืึทื ื˜ืงืขื’ื ืฉื˜ืขืœื  ื“ืขื ื“ื•ืจืš ืื ื”ืขื ื’ืขืจืก ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืืžื•ื ื” - ืขืก ืื™ื– ื’ืขืจื•ืคึฟืŸ 'ื‘ืึทื™' ืขืœ-'ื™ื ืึทื”' (ืคืึทืจืงื•ื™ืฃ ืื•ืŸ ืจื™ืคึผืขืจื˜ืฉืึทืก).

    ื“ืึธ ืก ืึท ื‘ื™ื™ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ืขื ื˜ื™ืคึผ ืคื•ืŸ ืœืขื ื“ื™ื ื’:

    • ื™ืžืึทื’ื™ื ืข ืขืžืขืฆืขืจ ืกืขืœื– ืึท ืึทืกืขื˜ ืฆื• ืื™ืจ
    • ืื™ืจ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ืงื•ื™ืคืŸ ื“ื™ ืึทืกืขื˜ ืžื™ื˜ ืคืึทืงื˜ื™ืฉ ื’ืขืœื˜
    • ื“ื™ 'ื‘ืึทืœ - ื”ืึทืœื•ื•ืึธืข' ื’ื™ื˜ ืื™ืจ ื“ื™ ืึทืกืขื˜ ืื•ื™ืฃ ืงืจืขื“ื™ื˜ ืฆื• ืึท ืคืึทืจืคืขืกื˜ื™ืงื˜ ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื–
    • ื“ื™ ื‘ืึทืœ - ื”ืึทืœื•ื•ืึธืข ื›ื•ืœืœ ืึท ื ื•ืฅ ืงืึธืžืคึผืึธื ืขื ื˜
    • ื’ืœื™ื™ืš ื“ื™ ื‘ืึทืœ - ื”ืึทืœื•ื•ืึธืข ื‘ื™ื™ื– ื“ื™ ืึทืกืขื˜ ืฆื•ืจื™ืง ืื™ืŸ ืคืึทืงื˜ื™ืฉ ื’ืขืœื˜ (ืฆื• ื“ื™ ืคืึทืจืคืขืกื˜ื™ืงื˜ ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื–)
    • ื“ืขื ืžื™ื˜ืœ ืึทื– ื“ื™ ื‘ืึทืœ - ื”ืึทืœื•ื•ืึธืข ืื™ื– ื“ื™ ื‘ืึทื–ื™ืฆืขืจ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืึทืกืขื˜ - ืื•ืŸ ืื™ืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ื“ื™ ื’ืขืœื˜ ื™ื ื“ื–ืฉืขืงืฉืึทืŸ ืื™ืจ ื“ืืจืฃ
    • ืœืขืกืึธืฃ, ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ืฆืึธืœืŸ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืึทืคืึธืจืžืขื ืฉืึทื ื“ ืึทืกืขื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื™ื ืกื˜ืึธืœืžืึทื ืฅ
    • ืื™ืŸ ืึทื“ื™ืฉืึทืŸ, ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ืฆืึธืœืŸ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืฅ ืงืึธืžืคึผืึธื ืขื ื˜

    ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืื™ืจ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ื”ืึทืœืœ ื“ื•ืจืš ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื‘ืจืึธื•ืงืขืจื™ื“ื–ืฉ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ, ื“ืขืจ ืฉืคึผื™ื™ึทื–ืขืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ืขื ืฉื•ืจ ืึทื– ืื™ืจ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ื‘ืึทืฆืึธืœืŸ ืึธื“ืขืจ ื‘ืึทืงื•ืžืขืŸ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ืึทืคืึธืจืžืขื ืฉืึทื ื“ ืจื™ื‘ืึท ื”ืขืจืฉืŸ. ืคึฟืึทืจ ื™ืขื ืข ื ื™ื˜ ื•ื•ื™ืกื ื“ื™ืง, ื“ืขืจ ื–ืขืœื‘ื™ืงืขืจ ื’ื™ื™ื˜ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื‘ืึทื ืง ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ, ืžืึธืจื’ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืื•ืŸ ืกื™ื™ื•ื•ื™ื ื’ื– ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ.

    ืžืึทื™ืกื™ืจ: ื’ืึทืžื‘ืœื™ื ื’

    ื’ืึทืžื‘ืœื™ื ื’ ืื•ืŸ ื’ืขืœืขื’ื ื”ื™ื™ื˜ ืฉืคึผื™ืœืขืจื™ื™ึท ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื’ืขืจืขื›ื ื˜ ื•ื•ื™ ืึทื‘ืึทืžืึทื ื™ื™ืฉืึทื ื– ืคื•ืŸ ืฉื‚ื˜ืŸ ืก ื›ืึทื ื“ื™ื•ื•ืขืจืง ืœื•ื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ. ื“ื™ ื‘ืึทื–ื•ื ื“ืขืจ ื”ืขืจืฉืŸ (ืฆื•ื•ื™ืฉืŸ ืื ื“ืขืจืข) ืื™ื– ื’ืขืจืื˜ืŸ ื“ื•ืจืš ื“ื™ ืคืืœื’ืขื ื“ืข ื™ืกื•ื“ื•ืช:

    • ื‘ืึทื™ ืกืึทืœืึทื (ืคื•ืœ ืฆืึธืœื•ื ื’ ืื™ืŸ ืฉื˜ื™ื™ึทื’ืŸ)
    • ืžื•ืกืึทื•ื•ืึทืžืึทื” (ื“ื™ ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื– ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื˜ืจืขื’ืขืจ ืื™ื– ืื•ืžื‘ืึทืงืึทื ื˜ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ืขืจ)
    • Bai al inah (ืคืึทืจืงื•ื™ืฃ ืื•ืŸ ืจื™ืคึผืขืจื˜ืฉืึทืก)
    • Murabaha (ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ืคึผืœื•ืก-ืคึผืœื•ืก)
    • Bai bithaman ajil (ืคืึทืจืงื•ื™ืฃ ืžื™ื˜ ื“ื™ืคืขืจื“ ืฆืึธืœื•ื ื’)
    • ืžื•ื“ืึทืจืึทื‘ืึทื” (ื ื•ืฅ ื™ื™ึทื ื˜ื™ื™ืœื•ื ื’)
    • Bai muajjjal (ืงืจืขื“ื™ื˜ ืคืึทืจืงื•ื™ืฃ)

    ื ื’ื•ื˜ืข ืžืขื–ืฉืขืจ ืฆื• ืฆื™ ืขืคึผืขืก ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืขืจืขื›ื ื˜ ื•ื•ื™ ื’ืึทืžื‘ืœื™ื ื’ ืึธื“ืขืจ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืื™ื– ืขืคึผืขืก ืžื™ื˜ ืึท ืžื™ืŸ ืคื•ืŸ 'ื•ื•ืขืจืŸ ืฉื ืขืœ ืจื™ื™ึทืš' ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ืื™ื. ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืžืขื ื˜ืฉืŸ ื‘ืึทื˜ืจืึทื›ื˜ืŸ ื“ื™ ืึทืงืฆื™ืขืก ืžืึทืจืง ื•ื•ื™ ืึท ื‘ื™ืกืœ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืžืึทื™ืกื™ืจ ื–ื™ื™ึทื˜ ืื•ืŸ ื“ืขืจื™ื‘ืขืจ ืึท ื–ื™ื ื“.

    ื“ื™ ืกื™ื‘ื” ื•ื•ืึธืก ืขืก ืงืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืขืจืขื›ื ื˜ ื•ื•ื™ ืึท ื–ื™ื ื“ ืื™ื– ืึทื– ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื˜ืึธื’ ื˜ืจืึทื“ื™ื ื’ - ืื™ืจ ื–ืขื ื˜ ืื™ืŸ ืขืก ืฆื• ืžืึทื›ืŸ ืฉื ืขืœ ื’ืขืœื˜. ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ื ืขืžืขืŸ ืึทืœืข ื“ื™ ื˜ื™ื ื’ื– ืื™ืŸ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืฆื• ื”ืขืœืคึฟืŸ ืื™ืจ ื‘ืœื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ื’ืœื™ื™ืš ืื•ืŸ ืฉืžืึธืœ.

    ื’ื”ืึทืจืึทืจ: ื•ื ืกืขืจื˜ืึทื ื˜ื™ / ืึทื ื“ื™ื˜ืขืจืžื™ื ื“ ืจื™ื–ื™ืงื™ืจืŸ 

    ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆื™ืขืœ ืžืึทืกืข - ืžืึทื˜ืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ื“ื™ ืงืึทื ืกืึทืงื•ื•ืึทื ืก ืื™ื– ืึทื ื“ื™ื˜ืขืจืžื™ื ื“ ืื™ื– 'gharar'. ื“ืึธืก ืงืขืŸ ืึทืจื™ื™ึทื ื ืขืžืขืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื˜ืจืึทื ื–ืึทืงืฉืึทื ื– ื•ื•ืึธืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืคืึทืจืคืขืกื˜ื™ืงื˜ ืึธื“ืขืจ ืคึผืจื™ื“ื™ื˜ืขืจืžื™ื ื“ - ืึทื–ืึท ื•ื•ื™ ืกื•ื•ืึทืคึผืก, ืคื™ื•ื˜ืฉืขืจื–, ืคืึธืจื•ื•ืขืจื“ื– ืื•ืŸ ืึธืคึผืฆื™ืขืก. ืžื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขืœืŸ ื‘ืึทืœื“ ืจืขื“ืŸ ืžืขืจ ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ืคืึทืจืึทื ืขืŸ / ืึทื ืึทื•ื•ื™ื™ืœืึทื‘ืึทืœ ืึทืกืขืฅ.

    ืงื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื‘ืขืจื™ืง ืจื™ื–ื™ืงื™ืจืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืขืฉืขืคื˜ ื™ื ื“ืขื•ื•ืขืจื– ื•ื•ืึธืœื˜ ืกืึทืงืึธื ืข ืฆื• ื“ื™ ื›ึผืœืœื™ื ืคื•ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆืŸ. ืฆื•ืœื™ื‘ ื“ืขื ืกื™ื‘ื” ืžื™ืจ ืฉื˜ืืจืง ืคึฟืึธืจืฉืœืึธื’ืŸ ืึทื– ืื™ืจ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ืคึผืจื•ื‘ื™ืจืŸ ืฆื• ื˜ืึธืŸ ื“ืึธืก ืึทืœื™ื™ืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืึทื ืฉื˜ืึธื˜ ืขืคึฟืขื ืขืŸ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืืงืื•ื ื˜.

    ืื™ืŸ ืคืึทืงื˜, ืงื™ื™ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข ื•ื•ืึธืก ืึธืคืคืขืจืก ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง / ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ ืคืจื™ื™ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืžื•ื–ืŸ ื ืึธื›ืคืึธืœื’ืŸ ืึทืœืข ื“ื™ ื™ืกื•ื“ื•ืช ืคื•ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื’ืขื–ืขืฆืŸ, ืื•ืŸ ื“ืขืจื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ื ืึธืš ืฆื•ืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ืื™ืจ ืึทืงืกืขืก ืฆื• ื’ืœืื‘ืืœืข ืžืืจืงืคืœืขืฆืขืจ. ื“ืึธืก ืžื™ื˜ืœ ืึทื– ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืึธืŸ ื–ืึธืจื’ ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ื‘ืจื™ื™ืงื™ื ื’ ื“ื™ ื›ึผืœืœื™ื ืคื•ืŸ ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ ืื•ืŸ ื“ื™ืกืจื™ืกืคึผืขืงื˜ืคืึทืœ ืฆื• ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืืžื•ื ื”.

    ืื™ื– ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ ืึธื“ืขืจ ื”ืึทืจืึทื?

    ื“ืขืจ ืขื ื˜ืคืขืจ ืฆื™ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ืื™ื– ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ ืึธื“ืขืจ ื”ืึทืจืึทื ืื™ื– ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืึท ืคึผืฉื•ื˜. ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื– ื˜ื™ื™ืœ ื•ื•ืึธืก ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืขืงืกื™ืกื˜ื™ืจืŸ. ืงืจื™ื˜ื™ืฉ, ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ื˜ืจืื“ื™ืฆื™ืื ืขืœืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืคึผืจืึทืงื˜ื™ืกื™ื– ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื™ื™ื›ื˜ ืึทื“ืึทืคึผื˜ื™ื“ ืฆื• ืคึผืึทืกืŸ ืื ื”ืขื ื’ืขืจืก ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืืžื•ื ื”.

    ืคื™ื•ื˜ืฉืขืจื– ืื•ืŸ ืงื™ื™ื˜ืŸ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืจื•ื‘ึฟ ื‘ืืฉื˜ื™ืžื˜ ื•ื•ื™ ื”ืึทืจืึทื. ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ืคืึทืœ ืคื•ืŸ ืงื™ื™ื˜ืŸ (Sukuk), ื–ื™ื™ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืคืึทืจื‘ืึธื˜ืŸ ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ื–ื™ื™ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืงืึทื ืกื˜ืจืึทืงื˜ืึทื“ ื‘ืื–ื™ืจื˜ ืื•ื™ืฃ ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืจืึทื˜ืขืก. ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืงื™ื™ื˜ืŸ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื“ ื“ื•ืจืš ืงืคื“ืก โ€“ ืขืก ืื™ื– ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก. ืึธื‘ืขืจ, ื“ื™ ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืงื•ืจืก ืื™ื– ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืžืงื•ืจ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืคืึทืจืฉืคึผืจื™ื™ื˜ืŸ.

    ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืขืก ืงื•ืžื˜ ืฆื• ืคื™ื•ื˜ืฉืขืจื– ืงืึทื ื˜ืจืึทืงืฅ, ื–ื™ื™ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืคึผืจืึธื•ื›ื™ื‘ืึทื˜ืึทื“ ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื“ื™ืœื™ื™ื“ ื ืึทื˜ื•ืจ ืคื•ืŸ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ.

    ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื˜ืจืึทื›ื˜ืŸ ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ื“ืขื ื•ื•ืขื’ -

    • ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืื™ืจ ื”ืึธื˜ ื’ืขื—ืชืžืขื˜ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืึธืคึผืžืึทืš, ื“ืขืจ ืคืึทืจืงื•ื™ืฃ ืึธื“ืขืจ ืงื•ื™ืคืŸ ืื™ื– ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื‘ืึทืœื“ื™ืง.
    • ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืงืขื’ืŸ ื“ื™ 'ื”ืึทื ื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื”ืึทื ื˜' ื”ืขืจืฉืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ (ื–ืขืŸ ืื•ื™ื‘ืŸ).

    ื‘ื™ื™ื ืขืจื™ ืึธืคึผืฆื™ืขืก ืฆื•ื ื•ื™ืคืฉื˜ืขืœื  ื–ื™ืš ืคื•ืŸ ืคึผืจื•ื•ื•ืŸ ืฆื• ืคึผืจื™ื“ื™ื˜ืขืจืžื™ื ืขืŸ ืคึผืจื™ืฅ ืฉื™ืคืฅ ืื™ืŸ ืึท ืคืึทืจืคืขืกื˜ื™ืงื˜ ืœืขื ื’ ืคื•ืŸ ืฆื™ื™ื˜. ื“ืขืจ ื•ื•ืขื’ ืคื•ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืื™ื– ืึทื•ื•ืึทื“ืข ืึท ืคืึธืœืงืก ื•ื•ืขื’ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ืขืจื– ืฆื• ืžืึทื›ืŸ ื’ืขืœื˜, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ื‘ื™ื™ื ืขืจื™ ืึธืคึผืฆื™ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืฉื˜ืืจืง ื‘ืื˜ืจืื›ื˜ ืฆื• ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืึทืจืึทื - ืœืึทืจื’ืขืœื™ ืจืขื›ื˜ ืฆื• ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืขืจื ื“ ืึธื“ืขืจ ื‘ืึทืฆืึธืœื˜ ืฆื• ื“ื™ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ.

    ื•ื•ื™ ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ืขืŸ, ืคึฟืึทืจ ืึท ืžืขื ื˜ืฉ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืืžื•ื ื” ืฆื• ื ื•ืฆืŸ ืึท ื ืึธืจืžืึทืœ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ, ืขืก ืงืขืŸ ื‘ืึทืงื•ืžืขืŸ ืึท ื‘ื™ืกืœ ืงืึทื ืคื™ื•ื–ื™ื ื’. ื“ืขืจื™ื‘ืขืจ ื“ื™ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืงืึทื ืกื™ื•ื•ื“ - ืฆื• ื’ืขื‘ืŸ ืึทืœืขืžืขืŸ ืึท ืฉื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืขืœืขื’ื ื”ื™ื™ื˜ ืฆื• ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜.

    ื“ืขืจื ืึธืš ืžื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขืœืŸ ืฆื• ื•ื™ืกืžืขืงืŸ ื“ื™ ื ืขืคึผืœ ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ.

    ื•ื•ืึธืก ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืื™ืš ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ?

    ื˜ืจืึธืฅ ื“ื™ ื“ืขืจืžืื ื˜ืข ื›ึผืœืœื™ื ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ื ืึธื›ืคืึธืœื’ืŸ ืฆื• ื‘ืœื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ืืžืช ืฆื• ื“ื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืืžื•ื ื”, ื“ื•ืจืš ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืžื™ื˜ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ืึท ืจืขื’ื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ืึทื“ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ - ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ืึธืœื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืกืึทืคึผืจื™ื™ื–ื“ ื•ื•ื™ ืคื™ืœ ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ื˜ ื˜ืึทืงืข ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ.

    ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืงืึทื ื•ื•ื™ื ื™ืึทื ืก, ืžื™ืจ'ื•ื•ืข ืœื™ืกื˜ืขื“ ื“ื™ ืึทืกืขืฅ ืึทื– ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ื•ื•ื™ ื‘ืึทืœื“ ื•ื•ื™ ืื™ืจ ื‘ืึทืงื•ืžืขืŸ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืืงืื•ื ื˜.

    Forex

    ืžื™ืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ื•ื•ื™ื™ื˜ืขืจ ื“ืขืจืงืœืขืจื˜ ืึทื– Riba ืื™ื– ืื™ื™ื ืขืจ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื”ื•ื™ืคึผื˜ ืคึผืจื™ื ืกืึทืคึผืึทืœื– ืื™ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ. ืื™ืŸ ืึทืœื’ืขืžื™ื™ืŸ, ืขืก ืื™ื– ื’ืขื•ื•ื™ื™ื ื˜ืœืขืš ืฆื• ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืคืึธืจืขืงืก ืžืึทืจืง ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ื™ื ื•ื•ืขืกื˜ืขืจ ืฆื• ื”ืึทืœื˜ืŸ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืฉื˜ืขืœืขืก ืึธืคืŸ ื ืึธืš ื“ื™ ืขื ื“ื™ืงืŸ ื“ื™ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืกืขืกื™ืข.

    ื“ื™ ืึธืคืŸ ืฉื˜ืขืœืข ืงืจื™ื™ื™ืฅ ืึท 'ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ ืงืึธืžื™ืกื™ืข' ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ื‘ื™ื™ืกื™ืงืœื™ ืึทืŸ ื™ื‘ืขืจื ืึทื›ื˜ื™ืง ืคื™ื ืึทื ืกื™ื ื’ ืึธืคึผืฆืึธืœ ืึธื“ืขืจ ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก - ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืคื•ืŸ ืงื•ืจืก ืคึผืจืึธื•ื›ื™ื‘ืึทื˜ืึทื“. ืขืก ืื™ื– ืื•ื™ืš ื’ืขื•ื•ืขืŸ ืคื™ืœ ื“ืขื‘ืึทื˜ืข ืฆื•ื•ื™ืฉืŸ ื’ืขืœืขืจื ื˜ืข ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ืฆื™ ืคืึธืจืขืงืก ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ื•ื•ื™ ื’ืึทืžื‘ืœื™ื ื’ ืึธื“ืขืจ ื ื™ื˜, ืื•ืŸ ืื™ื– ื“ืขืจื™ื‘ืขืจ ื”ืึทืจืึทื.

    ื•ื•ืขืจ ืขืก ื™ื– ื•ื•ืืก ื”ืื˜ ื˜ืึธืžื™ื“ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื“ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ื•ื•ืึทืœืึทื˜ืึทืœ ืคืึธืจืขืงืก ืžืึทืจืง ื•ื•ื™ื™ืกื˜ ืึทื– ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืงืขืจืึทื ืกื™ื– ืื™ื– ื ื™ื˜ ื ืึธืจ ืึทืจืึธืคึผ ืฆื• ื ืขืžืขืŸ ืึท ื‘ืจืขืŸ. ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืคืึทืจืงืขืจื˜ - ืขืก ืื™ื– ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืขื’ื™ืข ื™ื ื•ื•ืึทืœื•ื•ื“ ืื™ืŸ ืœืขืจื ืขืŸ ืึทื ืึทืœื™ืกื™ืก ืื•ืŸ ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื– ื“ืึทื˜ืŸ. ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ืจืขืกืคึผืขืงื˜, ืคืึธืจืขืงืก ืื™ื– ืึทื•ื•ืึทื“ืข ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืึท ืฉืคึผื™ืœ ืคื•ืŸ ื’ืขืœืขื’ื ื”ื™ื™ึทื˜.

    ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื™ื“ื–ืฉืขืจื–, ืžื™ื™ื ืขืจื– ืื•ืŸ ืขืงืกืึธื˜ื™ืงืก ื“ื•ืจืš ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืึทืงืึทื•ื ื˜ ืฉืคึผื™ื™ึทื–ืขืจ. ื’ืขื“ืขื ืงื˜ ืึทื– ื™ืขื“ืขืจ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืึทื ื“ืขืจืฉ, ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื–ืขื ื˜ ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืกื™ืจื˜ ืื™ืŸ ืึท ืกืคึผืขืฆื™ืคื™ืฉ ืคึผืึธืจ ืฉื˜ืขื ื“ื™ืง ื˜ืฉืขืง ื“ื™ ืึทื•ื•ื™ื™ืœืึทื‘ื™ืœืึทื˜ื™ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข ืื™ืŸ ืงืฉื™ื.

    ื“ืึธ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ื‘ื™ื™ืฉืคื™ืœืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ืคืึธืจืขืงืก ืคึผืึธืจ ื˜ื™ื™ืคึผืก ื•ื•ืึธืก ืจื•ื‘ึฟ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืฉื˜ื™ืฆืŸ:

    • ืžื™ื™ื ืขืจื–: EUR / GBP, GBP / AUD, AUD / JPY, GBP / CAD, EUR / NZD, CHF / JPY
    • ืžืึทื“ื–ืฉืึธืจืก: ืขื•ืจ / ื•ืกื“, ืขื•ืจ / ื•ืกื“, ื•ืกื“ / ื“ื–ืฉืคึผื™, ืึทื•ื“ / ื•ืกื“, ื ื–ื“ / ื•ืกื“, ื•ืกื“ / ื˜ืฉืฃ
    • ืขืงืกืึธื˜ื™ืงืก: USD / HKD, USD / SEK, USD / SGD, EUR / TRY, USD / MXN, EUR / HUF

    ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืื™ืจ ืคืึธืจืŸ ื“ื•ืจืš Forex ื“ื•ืจืš ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ, ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ื•ื•ืขืงืกืœ ืคึผื™ื™ืžืึทื ืฅ - ื•ื•ืึธืก ืขืก ืื™ื– ื’ืขืจืขื›ื ื˜ ื•ื•ื™ ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ. ืื™ื™ืŸ ื–ืึทืš ืฆื• ื”ื™ื˜ืŸ ื–ื™ืš ืื™ื– ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืื ื“ืขืจืข ืคื™ื– ืึทื–ืึท ื•ื•ื™ ืงืึทืžื™ืฉืึทื ื–. ื ืึธืš ืึทืœืข, ื“ืขืจ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ื“ืึทืจืฃ ืฆื• ืžืึทื›ืŸ ื’ืขืœื˜ ืขืคืขืก.

    ืžื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขืœืŸ ื’ื™ื™ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืงืึทืžื™ืฉืึทื ื– ืฆื• ืงื•ืงืŸ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืฉืคึผืขื˜ืขืจ.

    Cryptocurrencies

    ืคื™ืœ ื•ื•ื™ ื‘ื™ื™ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืคืึธืจืขืงืก, ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืกืคึผืขืฆื™ืคื™ืฉ ืงืจื™ืคึผื˜ืึธ ืงืึธื™ื ืก ืื•ื™ืกืฉืœื™ืกืœืขืš ืคึฟืึทืจ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ืขืจื–. ืึธื‘ืขืจ, ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื– ืฉื™ืคืฅ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื‘ืื–ื™ืจื˜ ืื•ื™ืฃ ืฆื•ืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืžืึธื ืขืŸ ืืœื ื•ื•ื™ ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก, ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืงืจื™ืคึผื˜ืึธืงื•ืจืจืขื ืกื™ ืื™ื– ื“ืขืจืœื•ื™ื‘ื˜ ืื•ื ื˜ืขืจ ื“ื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆืŸ ื›ึผืœืœื™ื. ื•ื•ื™ ื’ืขื–ืึธื’ื˜, ืงืœืึทื ื’ ื”ืื˜ ืขืก ืึทื– ืคึผืจืึธื’ืจืขืก ืื™ื– ื’ืขืžืื›ื˜ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืขืจืฉื˜ืขืจ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืงืจื™ืคึผื˜ืึธ ื•ื•ืขืงืกืœ.

    ื“ืึธ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืคื•ืŸ โ€‹โ€‹ื“ื™ ืงืจื™ืคึผื˜ืึธืงื•ื•ื™ื–ืฉืึทื ื– ื‘ื ื™ืžืฆื ืฆื• ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ื“ื•ืจืš ืจื•ื‘ึฟ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ - ื›ืึธื˜ืฉ ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืžืขืจ ื•ื•ื™ 5,300:

    ืงืจื™ืคึผื˜ืึธืงื•ืจืจืขื ืกื™ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืคืึทืจืœืึธื–ื  ืื•ื™ืฃ ื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืจืึทื˜ืขืก, ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืื™ืจ ืงืขืŸ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ืงืจื™ืคึผื˜ืึธ ืงืึธื™ื ืก ืึธืŸ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ. ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืื ื“ืขืจืข ื”ืึทื ื˜, ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ื™ืœื˜ ืฆื• ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ืžืขืจ ื•ื•ื™ ืื™ื™ืŸ ืึทืกืขื˜ ื‘ืฉืขืช ืื™ืจ ื‘ืœื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ, ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืึท ื’ืขื”ืขืจื™ืง ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ.

    ืกื˜ืึทืงืก ืื•ืŸ ืฉืึทืจืขืก

    ืื•ื ื˜ืขืจ ื“ื™ ื›ึผืœืœื™ื ืคื•ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ื˜ ืงื•ื™ืคืŸ, ื”ืึทืœื˜ืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืคืึทืจืงื•ื™ืคืŸ ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ ืกื˜ืึทืงืก ื“ื•ืจืš ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ. ื ืึธืš ืึทืœืข, ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืกื›ื•ื™ืจืข ื•ื•ื™ ื•ื•ื™ื™ืฅ ืื•ืŸ ื˜ืขืงืกื˜ื™ื™ืœื– ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืฉื•ื™ืŸ ื“ื•ืจื›ื’ืขืงืึธื›ื˜ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืกืขื ื˜ืฉืขืจื™ื–. ืื™ืŸ ืคืึทืงื˜, ื“ืขืจ ื‘ืื•ื•ื•ืกื˜ืขืจ ื ื‘ื™ื ืžื•ื›ืึทืžืึทื“ (ืคึผื‘ื”) ืื™ื– ื’ืขื•ื•ืขืŸ ื“ื•ืจืš ืึทืœืข ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืึท ืœืึทื’ืขืจ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืงืึธืžืขืจืกืึทื ื˜.

    ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ื˜ืึธื’ ืื•ืŸ ืขืœื˜ืขืจ, ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืึท ืคึผืœืึทืฅ ืžืขืจ ืคึผื™ื˜ืคืึธืœื– ืฆื• ื”ื™ื˜ืŸ ื–ื™ืš ื•ื•ืขืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืกื˜ืึทืงืก ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ. ืคึฟืึทืจ ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ, ืขืก ืื™ื– ืงืœืึธืจ ื•ื•ื™ ื“ืขืจ ื˜ืึธื’ ืึทื– ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ืึธืœื˜ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื™ื ื•ื•ืขืกื˜ื™ืจืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืึท ื‘ืจื•ืขืจื™ ื•ื•ื™ ื’ื•ื™ื ื ืขืกืก, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื’ืจื•ื™ ื’ืขื‘ื™ื˜ืŸ. ื ืคื™ืจืžืข ื•ื•ืึธืก ืžื™ื™ื ื˜ ืฆื• ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ ืงืขืŸ ืคื™ืจืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ื’ืขืฉืขืคื˜ ืื™ืŸ ืึท ื”ืึทืจืึทื ืฉื˜ื™ื™ื’ืขืจ.

    ื–ืืœ ืก ื’ืขื‘ืŸ ืื™ืจ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ื‘ื™ื™ืฉืคื™ืœืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ืงืึธืžืคึผืึทื ื™ืขืก ืคึฟื•ืŸ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืคื•ื ื˜.

    • ืฉืึทืจืขืก ื‘ืึทื˜ืจืึทื›ื˜ืŸ ืฉื˜ืจืขื ื’ ื”ืึทืจืึทื: ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก-ื‘ืื–ื™ืจื˜ ื‘ืึทื ืงืก, ื”ืึธื˜ืขืœืก, ื˜ื•ืจื™ื–ื, ืึทืœืงืึธื”ืึธืœ, ื’ืขืฉืขืคื˜ ืคืึทืจื–ื™ื›ืขืจื•ื ื’ ืงืึธืžืคึผืึทื ื™ืขืก, ื ื™ื™ื˜ืงืœืึทื‘ื–.
    • ืฉืึทืจืขืก ื’ืขืจืขื›ื ื˜ ื”ืึทืจืึทื, ื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืจืขื›ื˜ ืฆื• ืคึผืจืึทืงื˜ื™ืกื™ื–: ืงืึธืžืคึผืึทื ื™ืขืก ื•ื•ืึธืก ื ื•ืฆืŸ ื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ื‘ืึทื ืง ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ, ืงืึธืžืคึผืึทื ื™ืขืก ืคื™ื ืึทื ืกื˜ ื“ื•ืจืš ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืœืึธื•ื ื–.
    • ืฉืึทืจืขืก ื’ืขืจืขื›ื ื˜ ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ: ืกืึทืคึผืœื™ื™ื–, ืžืขื˜ืึทืœืก, ืžืขื“ื™ืฆื™ื ื™ืฉ ื•ื™ืกืจื™ื›ื˜, ืžืึทื ื•ืคืึทืงื˜ื•ืจื™ื ื’, ืฉื™ืคึผื™ื ื’, ืงืœื™ื™ื“ืขืจ, ื’ืจื•ื ื˜ื™ื™ื’ื ืก, ืžืขื‘ืœ, ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื, ืœืึทื ื“ื•ื•ื™ืจื˜ืฉืึทืคื˜ืœืขืš ืคึผืจืึธื“ื•ืงื˜ืŸ.

    ื•ื•ื™ ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ืขืŸ, ืขืก ืื™ื– ืึท ื‘ืึทืฉื˜ื™ืžื˜ ื’ืจื•ื™ ืฉื˜ื— ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืขืก ืงื•ืžื˜ ืฆื• ืกื˜ืึทืงืก ืื•ืŸ ืฉืึทืจืขืก, ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืžืืœ ืึทืœืข ืงืขืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื•ื•ื™ ืขืก ืžื™ื™ื ื˜. ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืื™ืจ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ืกื˜ืึทืงืก ื“ื•ืจืš ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืืงืื•ื ื˜, ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื ื™ื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืงืกืคึผืึธื•ื–ื“ ืฆื• ืงื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืึทืจืึทื ืกื˜ืึทืงืก. ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ืึทื’ืจื™ืงื•ืœื˜ื•ืจืึทืœ ืคึผืจืึธื“ื•ืงื˜ืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืžืขื˜ืึทืœืก โ€‹โ€‹ืฆื• ื‘ื•ื™ืขืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืคึผืึธืจื˜ืคืขืœ.

    ืงืคื“ืก

    CFDs ืื™ื– ืึท ื˜ืจื™ืงื™ ืื™ื™ื ืขืจ - ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ืื™ืจ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ืคืึทืจืžืึธื’ืŸ ื“ื™ ืึทื ื“ืขืจืœื™ื™ื™ื ื’ ืึทืกืขื˜ ืคื™ืœืข ืžืขื ื˜ืฉืŸ ื‘ืึทื˜ืจืึทื›ื˜ืŸ ืขืก ืฆื• ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืงืขื’ืŸ ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ. ื“ืืก ืื™ื– ื ืึธืš ื•ื•ื™ื“ืขืจ ื•ื•ื• ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืงื•ืžืขืŸ ืื™ืŸ. ื“ื™ ื‘ืจืึธื•ืงืขืจื™ื“ื–ืฉ ื™ืคืขืงื˜ื™ื•ื•ืœื™ ืจื™ืžื•ื•ื•ื– ืึทืœืข ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืื•ืŸ ืกื•ื•ืึทืคึผืก ืื•ื™ืฃ ืงืึทืžืึทื“ืึทื˜ื™ื–, ื™ื ื“ื™ืกืขืก, ืฉืขืจื•ืช , ืขื˜ืคืก ืื•ืŸ ืงื™ื™ื˜ืŸ.

    ืงืจื™ื˜ื™ืฉ, ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ืคืึธืจืฉืŸ ื“ืึธืก ืžื™ื˜ ื™ืขื“ืขืจ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข. ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื– ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ืคึผืจืึทื•ื•ื™ื™ื“ืขืจื– ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืคืึธืจืฉืœืึธื’ืŸ ืคืึทืจืฉื™ื“ืขื ืข ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆื™ืขืœ ื™ื ืกื˜ืจืึทืžืึทื ืฅ, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืื•ื™ืš ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ื™ื™ื ืฆื™ืง ื˜ืขืจืžื™ื ืขืŸ, ื‘ืื“ื™ื ื’ื•ื ื’ืขืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืคื™ื–.

    ืึธืคึผืฆื™ืขืก

    ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืขืก ืงื•ืžื˜ ืฆื• ื˜ืจืื“ื™ืฆื™ืื ืขืœืŸ 'ืจื•ืคืŸ' ืึธืคึผืฆื™ืขืก, ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื‘ืึทืฆืึธืœืŸ ืึท 'ืคึผืจืขืžื™ืข' - ื•ื•ืึธืก ื’ื™ื˜ ืื™ืจ ื“ื™ ืึธืคึผืฆื™ืข ืฆื• ืงื•ื™ืคืŸ ืฉืึทืจืขืก, ืงืขืจืึทื ืกื™ื– ืื•ืŸ ืงื™ื™ื˜ืŸ ืขื˜ืง. ื“ื™ ื”ืึธืคืขื ื•ื ื’ ืื™ื– ืึทื– ื“ื™ ืžืึทืจืง ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื– ื•ื•ืขื˜ ืฉื•ื•ืขื‘ืŸ ื”ืขื›ืขืจ ื“ื™ ื’ืขื ื™ื˜ื•ื ื’ ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื– ืื™ื™ื“ืขืจ ืขืงืกืคึผื™ื™ืจื™. ืื•ื™ื‘ ื“ืึธืก ื›ืึทืคึผืึทื ื–, ื“ื™ ื ื•ืฅ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ืื™ื– ื“ื™ ืงืึทื ื˜ืจืึทืกื˜ ืฆื•ื•ื™ืฉืŸ ื‘ื™ื™ื“ืข ืคึผืจื™ื™ืกื™ื– - ืžื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ืคึผืจืขืžื™ืข ื“ื™ื“ืึทืงื˜ื™ื“.

    ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ืคืึทืœ ืคื•ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ, ื“ื™ ืจื•ืคืŸ ืึธืคึผืฆื™ืข ืื™ื– ื‘ืึทื•ื•ื•ืกื˜ ื•ื•ื™ ืึทืŸ 'urbun' (ืขื ื’ืœื™ืฉ ืื™ื‘ืขืจื–ืขืฆื•ื ื’ - ืึทื•ื•ืขืงืœื™ื™ื’ืŸ). ื ื™ืฆืŸ ืึท ื•ืจื‘ื•ืŸ, ื“ื™ ื™ื ื•ื•ืขืกื˜ืขืจ ืึธืคืคืขืจืก ืึท ืึทื•ื•ืึทื ืกื™ืจื˜ืข ืฆืึธืœื•ื ื’ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ืึทืกืขื˜ ืึธื“ืขืจ ืฉืึทืจืขืก. ื“ืขืจ ืฆื™ืœ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ืขื ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื– ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื™ืงืกื™ื“ ื“ื™ ืคึผืจื™ืกืขื˜ / ืกื˜ืจื™ื™ืง ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื–.

    ืื•ื™ื‘ ื“ื™ ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื– ื˜ื•ื˜ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื”ืขื›ืขืจื•ื ื’ ื”ืขื›ืขืจ ื“ื™ ืกื˜ืจื™ื™ืง ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื–, ื“ื™ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืึธื ื•ื•ืขืจ ื™ื ืงืขืจื“ ืื™ื– ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ืึทื•ื•ืึทื ืกื™ืจื˜ืข ืฆืึธืœื•ื ื’ (ืื•ื™ืš ืจื™ืคืขืจื“ ืฆื• ื•ื•ื™ ืึท ืคึผืจื™ืกืขื˜ืขื“ ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื–). ืื™ืจ ื”ืึธื˜, ืึธื‘ืขืจ, ื“ื™ ืจืขื›ื˜ ืฆื• ืคืึทืจืœืึธื–ืŸ ื“ืขื.

    ืื™ืŸ ื˜ืขืจืžื™ื ืขืŸ ืคื•ืŸ 'ืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ' ืึธืคึผืฆื™ืขืก, ืื™ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’, ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื– ื’ืขืจื•ืคืŸ ''ืคืึทืจืงืขืจื˜ ื•ืจื‘ื•ืŸ '. ืื™ืŸ ืื ื“ืขืจืข ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ืขืจ, ื“ื™ ืกืขืœืœืขืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืคืึทืจืงื•ื™ืคืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืึท ืคึผืจื™ื“ื™ื˜ืขืจืžื™ื ื“ ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื– ืฉืคึผืขื˜ืขืจ ืึทืจืึธืคึผ ื“ื™ ืฉื•ืจื” ืฆื• ืžืึทื›ืŸ ืึท ื ื•ืฅ ืื•ื™ื‘ ื“ื™ ืึทืกืขื˜ ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ ื˜ืจืืคื ืก.

    ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืงื™ื™ื˜ืŸ

    ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ืคืึทืœ ืคื•ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ - ืงื™ื™ื˜ืŸ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื’ืขืจื•ืคึฟืŸ 'ืกื•ืงื•ืง'. ื“ืขื ืื™ื– ื‘ื™ื™ืกื™ืงืœื™ ืึท ื‘ื•ื ื“-ื•ื•ื™ ืงื™ื™ืœืข ืึธืŸ ื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืึธืคึผื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืึธื“ืขืจ ื›ื•ื™ื•ื• ืžืึทืกืข. ื“ื™ ืคืึทืงื˜ ืึทื– ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ืขืจื– ื•ื•ื™ืœืŸ ืฆื• ืึทืจื™ื™ึทื ื ืขืžืขืŸ ืงื™ื™ื˜ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ืคึผืึธืจื˜ืคืึธื•ืœื™ืึธื•ื–, ื ืึธืš ื‘ืœื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ื’ืขื˜ืจื™ื™ึท ืฆื• ื“ื™ ืงื•ื•ืจืึทืŸ.

    ื ืกื•ืงื•ืง ืื™ื– ืงืขืจืึทืงื˜ืขืจื™ื™ื–ื“ ื“ื•ืจืš ืื™ืจ ืึธื•ื ื™ื ื’ ืึท ืึทืกืขื˜-ื‘ืื–ื™ืจื˜ ื–ื™ื›ืขืจื”ื™ื™ื˜, ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ื˜ืจืื“ื™ืฆื™ืื ืขืœืŸ ืงื™ื™ื˜ืŸ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ื’ืขื‘ืŸ ื™ื ื•ื•ืขืกื˜ืขืจื– ื“ื™ ื’ืขืœืขื’ื ื”ื™ื™ื˜ ืฆื• ืคืึทืจืžืึธื’ืŸ ืึท ืึทืกืขื˜. ืึทื ืฉื˜ืึธื˜, ืขืก ืื™ื– ื’ืขื–ืขืŸ ื•ื•ื™ ืึท ื›ื•ื™ื•ื• ืคืœื™ื›ื˜ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื“ืขืจืœื•ื™ื‘ื˜ ืื•ื ื˜ืขืจ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ.

    ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืื™ืจ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ื“ืขื ื˜ื™ืคึผ ืคื•ืŸ ื‘ื•ื ื“ ื“ื•ืจืš ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืืงืื•ื ื˜, ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื‘ืึทืงื•ืžืขืŸ ืึท ืคึผืึทืจื˜ื™ื™ื™ืฉ ืึธื•ื ืขืจืฉื™ืคึผ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืึทืกืขื˜. ื“ื™ ืึทืกืขื˜ ื“ืึทืจืฃ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื›ืึทืœืึทืœ ื•ื•ืึธืก ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื–ืึธืจื’ืŸ ืคึฟืึทืจ. ื’ืขื“ืขื ืงื˜ ืึทื– ืขืก ืงืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืงืึธืก ื™ื ื•ื•ืึทืœื•ื•ื“ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืึทื ื“ืขืจืœื™ื™ื™ื ื’ ืึทืกืขื˜ ื•ื•ืึธืก ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉืคื™ื’ืœื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืคึผืจืึทืคื™ืฅ.

    ื˜ื™ื™ืคึผืก ืคื•ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ

    ืื™ืฆื˜ ืื™ืจ ื–ืึธืœ ืคื™ืœืŸ ื–ื™ื›ืขืจ ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ื•ื•ื™ืกืŸ ืึทื– ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื‘ื™ื™ื“ืข ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืื•ืŸ ื‘ืœื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ืืžืช ืฆื• ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืœื™ืคืก ื“ื•ืจืš ืกื™ืžืคึผืœื™ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื“ื•ืจืš ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื‘ืจืึธื•ืงืขืจื™ื“ื–ืฉ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ.

    ืžื™ื˜ ื“ืขื ืื™ืŸ ื–ื™ื ืขืŸ, ืžื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขืœืŸ ื“ืขืจืงืœืขืจืŸ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ื˜ื™ื™ืคึผืก ืคื•ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืขื’ื™ืขืก ืฆื• ื™ื ืกืคึผื™ืจื™ืจืŸ ืื™ืจ.

    ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืžืึทืš ื˜ืจืึทื“ื™ื ื’

    ืžืึทืš ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืื™ื– ื‘ื™ื™ืกื™ืงืœื™ ืงื•ืจืฅ-ื˜ืขืจืžื™ืŸ ื›ื™ื™ืคึผืึทื˜ืึทืกืึทืก ืคื•ืŸ ืคืึทืจืฉื™ื“ืŸ ืžืืจืงืคืœืขืฆืขืจ ืื™ืŸ ืขื˜ืคืก, ืคื™ื•ื˜ืฉืขืจื–, ืคืึธืจืขืงืก, ืงืจื™ืคึผื˜ืึธืงื•ืจืจืขื ืกื™ืขืก, ืึธืคึผืฆื™ืขืก ืื•ืŸ ืกื˜ืึทืงืก. ื“ื™ ืฉื˜ืขืœืขืก ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืึธื•ืคึผืึทื ื“ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืžืขืจ ื•ื•ื™ ืื™ื™ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื˜ืึธื’, ื™ื– ื•ื•ืึธื›ืŸ.

    ื“ืขืจื™ื‘ืขืจ, ื“ืขืจ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ื•ื•ืขื’ ืฆื• ืžืึทืš ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ื‘ืฉืขืช ืื™ืจ ื‘ืœื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืœื•ื™ื˜ ืžื™ื˜ ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ ืื™ื– ื“ื•ืจืš ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ. ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื ื•ืฆืŸ ืึท ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ, ืคึฟืึทืจ ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ, ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื•ื™ืกืžื™ื™ื“ืŸ ืึทืœืข ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืจืึทื˜ืขืก ืื•ืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉื˜ืขืœืข ื•ื•ืขื˜ ืงื™ื™ื ืžืึธืœ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืึธื•ืคึผืึทื ื“ ื™ื‘ืขืจื ืึทื›ื˜ื™ืง.

    ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืึธื’ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’

    ื•ื•ื™ ืื™ืจ ืžื™ืกื˜ืึธืžืข ื•ื•ื™ืกืŸ, ื˜ืึธื’ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื™ื ื•ื•ืึทืœื•ื•ื– ืงืœืึธื•ื–ื™ื ื’ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืคึผืึธื–ื™ืฆื™ืข ืื™ื™ื“ืขืจ ื“ื™ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื˜ืึธื’ ืื™ื– ืื™ื‘ืขืจ ืื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืžืึทืจืง ืงืœืึธื•ื–ื™ื–. ื“ืขืจื™ื‘ืขืจ, ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ ืคื™ื–, ืึทื–ื•ื™ ื“ืขื ื˜ื™ืคึผ ืคื•ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืื™ื– ื“ืขืจืœื•ื™ื‘ื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆืŸ ื›ึผืœืœื™ื.

    ืื™ื™ื ืขืจ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื‘ืขื ืขืคื™ืฅ ืคื•ืŸ ื˜ืึธื’ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื“ื•ืจืš ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืื™ื– ืึทื– ืื™ืจ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ืคืึทืจืžืึทื›ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉื˜ืขืœืข. ืึธื‘ืขืจ, ืขืก ืื™ื– ืœืขื’ืึทืžืจืข ืคื•ื ื“ืึทืžืขื ื˜ืึทืœ ืึทื– ืื™ืจ ืคืึทืจืžืึทื›ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉื˜ืขืœืข ืื™ื™ื“ืขืจ ื“ื™ ืกื•ืฃ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืกืขืกื™ืข ืฆื• ืขื ืฉื•ืจ ืึทื– ืื™ืจ ื•ื™ืกืžื™ื™ื“ืŸ ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆืŸ ืคื™ื– ื™ื‘ืขืจื ืึทื›ื˜ื™ืง.

    ื“ืึธืก ื•ื•ืขื˜ ืึธื‘ืขืจ ื ืึธืจ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืึทืŸ ืึทืจื•ื™ืกื’ืขื‘ืŸ ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื ื•ืฆืŸ ืึท ื ืึธืจืžืึทืœ ื‘ืจืึธืงืขืจืึทื’ืข ืืงืื•ื ื˜. ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืคืึทืจืงืขืจื˜, ื ื™ืฆืŸ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ - ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ ืคื™ื– ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื ื™ื˜-ืขื’ื–ื™ืกื˜ืึทื ื˜, ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืื™ืจ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ื–ืึธืจื’ ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ื‘ืขื›ืขืกืงืขื ื“ื™ ืึธื“ื“ ื˜ืึธื’ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืฉื˜ืขืœืข ืึธืคืŸ ืคืึทืจื’ืึทื ื’ืขื ื”ื™ื™ื˜ ืžืึทืจืง ืฉืขื”. 

    ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืกืงืึทืœืคึผื™ื ื’

    ืื™ืŸ ืขืกืึทื ืก, ืกืงืึทืœืคึผื™ื ื’ ืื™ื– ื“ืขืจ ืึทืงื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ืขืคืŸ ืคืึทืจืฉื™ื“ืŸ ืงืœื™ื™ืŸ ืฉื˜ืขืœืขืก ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขืจ ืžืึทืจืง, ืื•ืŸ ื™ืขื“ืขืจ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ืงืœืึธื•ื–ื™ื– ื™ืŸ ืžื™ื ื•ื˜, ืึธื“ืขืจ ืื™ืŸ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืงืึทืกืขืก ืกืขืงื•ื ื“ืขืก. ื“ืขืจ ื˜ื™ืคึผ ืคื•ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืื™ื– ืคึผืึทืกื™ืง ืคึฟืึทืจ ืื ื”ืขื ื’ืขืจืก ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืืžื•ื ื”, ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ื™ืขื“ืขืจ ืฉื˜ืขืœืข ืงืœืึธื•ื–ื™ื– ื’ืขืฉื•ื•ื™ื ื“. ื•ื•ื™ ืึทื–ืึท, ืขืก ืื™ื– ืงื™ื™ืŸ ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ ืึธืคึผืฆืึธืœ ื™ื ื•ื•ืึทืœื•ื•ื“ ืจืึทื’ืึทืจื“ืœืึทืก ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื˜ื™ืคึผ.

    ื˜ืขืึธืจืขื˜ื™ืฉ, ืื™ืจ ืงืขืŸ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ืึท ื˜ืจืื“ื™ืฆื™ืื ืขืœืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ. ื“ื•ืจืš ืกืคึผืึทืกื™ืคื™ืงืœื™ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื“ื•ืจืš ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ, ืื™ืจ ื–ืขื ื˜ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืžืขืจ ืคืœืขืงืกืึทื‘ืึทืœ ืฆื• ื”ืึทืœื˜ืŸ ืฉื˜ืขืœืขืก ืึธืคืŸ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืžืขืจ, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืื™ืจ ื–ืขื ื˜ ืคึผืจืึธื˜ืขืงื˜ืขื“ ืคื•ืŸ ืจื™ื‘ืึท.

    ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ: ืงืึทืžื™ืฉืึทื ื–

    ื•ื•ื™ ืžื™ืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ื“ืขืจืงืœืขืจื˜ ืื™ื‘ืขืจ ื“ืขื ืคื™ืจืขืจ, ื“ื™ ื’ืจื•ื™ืก ื—ื™ืœื•ืง ืฆื•ื•ื™ืฉืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืžื™ื˜ ืึท ื ืึธืจืžืึทืœ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืื™ื– ื“ื™ ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก (ืึธื“ืขืจ ืคืขืœืŸ ืคื•ืŸ). ื“ื™ ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืื™ื– ื“ืึธืš ื‘ืืฉืืคืŸ ื“ื•ืจืš ื’ืขืœืื–ืŸ ืฉื˜ืขืœืขืก ืึธืคืŸ ื™ื‘ืขืจื ืึทื›ื˜ื™ืง.

    ื“ื•ืจืš ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืžื™ื˜ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ, ืึทืœืข ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืื™ื– ืึทื•ื•ืขืงื’ืขื ื•ืžืขืŸ. ืžื™ื˜ ื“ืขื, ื“ื™ ื‘ืจืึธื•ืงืขืจื™ื“ื–ืฉ ื“ืึทืจืฃ ื ืึธืš ืžืึทื›ืŸ ื’ืขืœื˜ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ืกืขืจื•ื•ื™ืก. ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื– ื•ื•ื• ืื ื“ืขืจืข ืคื™ื– ืงื•ืžืขืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ืงื•ื•ื™ื™ื–ืฉืึทืŸ.

    ื“ืึธ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ืžืขืจืกื˜ ืึธืคื˜ ืขืงืกื˜ืจืข ืคื™ื– ืึทื˜ืึทื˜ืฉื˜ ืฆื• ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ:

    • ื’ืจืขื ืขืฅ ืคื™ื–.
    • ืงืึธืžื™ืกื™ืข ืคื™ื–.
    • ืึทื“ืžื™ื ื™ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ืึธืจ ืคื™ื–.

    ืึทืœืข ื“ื™ ืื•ื™ื‘ืŸ ืึธืคึผืฆืึธืœ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื›ืึทืœืึทืœ ืื•ืŸ ื“ืขืจื™ื‘ืขืจ ื‘ื™ืฉืœื™ื™ืžืขืก ืงืึธืฉืขืจ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืื ื”ืขื ื’ืขืจืก ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืืžื•ื ื”.

    ืคึผืจืึธืก ืื•ืŸ ืงืึธื ืก ืคื•ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ

    ื•ื•ื™ ืžื™ื˜ ืจื•ื‘ึฟ ื˜ื™ื ื’ื– ืื™ืŸ ืœืขื‘ืŸ, ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืึทื“ื•ื•ืึทื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืžื™ื˜ ืึทื“ื•ื•ืึทื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื–. ืžื™ืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืœื™ืกื˜ืขื“ ื“ื™ ืคึผืจืึธืก ืื•ืŸ ืงืึธื ืก ืคื•ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ.

    ืคึผืจืึธืก

    • ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ืœื™ื™ื›ื˜ ืึธืŸ ื“ื™ืกืจื™ืกืคึผืขืงื˜ื™ื ื’ ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ.
    • ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ ืกื˜ืึทืงืก.
    • ื“ื™ื•ื•ืขืจืกืึทืคื™ื™ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืคึผืึธืจื˜ืคืขืœ ืื™ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ.
    • ืงื™ื™ืŸ ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ ืคื™ื– / ืจื™ื‘ืึท.
    • ืขืœืขื•ื•ืึทื˜ืขื“ ื“ื•ืจื›ื–ืขื™ืงื™ื™ึทื˜.

    ืงืึธื ืก

    • ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื‘ืจืึธืงืขืจืก ืึธืคึผืฆืึธืœ ื›ืขืคื˜ื™ ืคื™ื– ืฆื• ืžืึทื›ืŸ ื–ื™ืš ืคึฟืึทืจ ืคืขืœืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ืกื•ื•ืึทืคึผืก.
    • ืึท ื‘ื™ืกืœ ืœื™ืžื™ื˜ืขื“ ืงืึทืคึผืึทืฆื™ื˜ืขื˜ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื›ืขื“ื–ืฉื™ื ื’ ืื•ืŸ ื“ื™ื•ื•ืขืจืกืึทืคืึทืงื™ื™ืฉืึทืŸ.
    • ื ืึธืš ืึท ื‘ื™ืกืœ ืคื•ืŸ ืึท ื ื™ืฉืข ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ.

    ื•ื•ื™ ืฆื• ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ื‘ืขืกื˜ืขืจ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ

    ืื™ื™ื“ืขืจ ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ื˜ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ, ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ื–ื™ืš ืึท ื’ื•ื˜ืข ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืฆื• ื“ื•ืจื›ืคื™ืจืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท-ื’ืขื”ืึธืจื›ื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื– ืคึฟืึทืจ ืื™ืจ.

    ืžื™ืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืฆื•ื ื•ื™ืคื’ืขืฉื˜ืขืœื˜ ืึท ืจืฉื™ืžื” ืคื•ืŸ ืฉืœื™ืกืœ ืžืขื˜ืจื™ืงืก ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ืจ ื–ืึธืœ ืงื•ืงืŸ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืื™ืจ ื–ื•ื›ื˜ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ืจืขื›ื˜ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืกืคึผืขืฆื™ืคื™ืฉ ื‘ืื“ืขืจืคืขื ื™ืฉืŸ.

    ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืจืขื’ื•ืœื™ืจืŸ

    ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืื™ืจ ืคืึธืจืฉืŸ ื‘ืจืึธืงืขืจืก ื•ื•ืึธืก ืคืึธืจืฉืœืึธื’ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ, ืื™ืจ ื–ืึธืœ ืฉื˜ืขื ื“ื™ืง ืžืึทื›ืŸ ื–ื™ื›ืขืจ ืึทื– ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืจื™ืจื” ืคื•ืŸ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข ืื™ื– ืœื™ื™ืกืึทื ืกื˜ ืื•ืŸ ืจืขื’ื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ืึทื“. ืคึฟืึทืจ ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ, ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื–ืขื ื˜ ืึท ื•ืง ื˜ื•ื™ืฉืขื•ื• ืื•ืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืื™ื– ืœื™ื™ืกืึทื ืกื˜ ื“ื•ืจืš ื“ื™ ืคืงืึท, ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืขืœื˜ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืคึผืจืึธื˜ืขืงื˜ืขื“ ืึทืจื•ื™ืฃ ืฆื• ยฃ 85,000 (ื–ืึธืœ ื“ื™ ืคื™ืจืžืข ื•ื•ืขืจืŸ ื‘ืึทื ื’ืงืจืึทืคึผื˜).

    ื ื™ื˜ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืขืœื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืกืขื’ืจืขื’ืึทื˜ืขื“ ืื•ืŸ ืคึผืจืึธื˜ืขืงื˜ืขื“ ืื•ื ื˜ืขืจ ื“ืขื ื˜ื™ืคึผ ืคื•ืŸ ืจืขื’ื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจื™ ื’ื•ืฃ, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ื“ืขืจ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืคื™ืจืžืข ืื™ื– ืžืึธื ื™ื˜ืึธืจืขื“ ืื•ืŸ ืื•ื ื˜ืขืจื˜ืขื ื™ืง ืฆื• ืจืขื’ื•ืœืขืจ ืึทื“ืึทืฅ ืฆื• ืžืึทื›ืŸ ื–ื™ื›ืขืจ ืึทื– ืึทืœืฅ ืื™ื– ื”ืขื›ืขืจ.

    ื ื’ื•ื˜ืข ื•ื•ืขื’ ืฆื• ืžืึทื›ืŸ ื–ื™ื›ืขืจ ืึทื– ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืื™ื– ืœื™ื™ืกืึทื ืกื˜ ืื™ื– ืฆื• ืงืึธื ื˜ืจืึธืœื™ืจืŸ ื“ื™ ื•ื•ืขื‘ื–ื™ื™ื˜ืœ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืึท ื“ืขืจืœื•ื™ื‘ืขื ื™ืฉ ื ื•ืžืขืจ. ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื–ืขื ื˜ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื–ื™ื›ืขืจ ืžื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ื’ื™ืœื˜ื™ืงื™ื™ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ืขื ืจืขื’ื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ื˜ ืงืึธื ื˜ืจืึธืœื™ืจืŸ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ืขืจ ื‘ืึทืึทืžื˜ืขืจ FCA ื•ื•ืขื‘ื–ื™ื™ื˜ืœ (ืึธื“ืขืจ ืื ื“ืขืจืข ืจืขื’ื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจื™ ื’ื•ืฃ).

    ืคืึทืจืฉืคึผืจื™ื™ื˜ืŸ

    ืกืคึผืจืขืึทื“ืก ืžืึทื›ืŸ ืึท ื’ืจื•ื™ืก ื—ื™ืœื•ืง ืฆื• ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื’ื™ื™ื ื– ืื•ืŸ ืœืึธืกืกืขืก ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืขืก ืงื•ืžื˜ ืฆื• ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ - ืฆื™ ื ื™ืฆืŸ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืึธื“ืขืจ ื ื™ื˜. ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ื•ื•ื™ืกืŸ, ื“ื™ ืคืึทืจืฉืคึผืจื™ื™ื˜ืŸ ืื™ื– ื“ื™ ื—ื™ืœื•ืง ืฆื•ื•ื™ืฉืŸ ื“ื™ ืงื•ื™ืคืŸ ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื– ืื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืคืึทืจืงื•ื™ืฃ ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื–.

    ื“ืึธ ืื™ื– ืึท ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ ืคื•ืŸ ืึท ืคืึทืจืฉืคึผืจื™ื™ื˜ืŸ (ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืžืขื–ืฉืขืจื“ ืื™ืŸ 'ืคึผื™ืคึผืก'):

    • ื™ืžืึทื’ื™ื ืข ื’ื‘ืคึผ / ื•ืกื“ ื”ืื˜ ืึท ืงื•ื™ืคืŸ ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื– ืคื•ืŸ 1.2933.
    • ื“ื™ ืคืึทืจืงื•ื™ืคืŸ ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื– ืคึฟืึทืจ GBP / USD ืื™ื– 1.2930.
    • ื ื™ืฆืŸ ื“ืขื ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ, GBP / USD ื”ืื˜ ืึท ืคืึทืจืฉืคึผืจื™ื™ื˜ืŸ ืคื•ืŸ 3 ืคึผื™ืคึผืก.
    • ืฆื• ื‘ืจืขื›ืŸ ืืคื™ืœื• ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ืึธืœื˜ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ืคืึทืจื’ืจืขืกืขืจืŸ ื“ืขื ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ืžื™ื˜ 3 ืคึผื™ืคึผืก.
    • ืขืคึผืขืก ื ืึธืš 3 ืคึผื™ืคึผืก ื•ื•ืึธืœื˜ ื“ืขืจื™ื‘ืขืจ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื ื•ืฅ.

    ื“ืขืจ ื ื™ื“ืขืจื™ืงืขืจ ืคืึทืจืฉืคึผืจื™ื™ื˜ืŸ ืื™ื– ื‘ืขืกืขืจ ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืื™ืจ ื–ื•ื›ื˜ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ ื‘ืขืกื˜ืขืจ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ. ืึธื‘ืขืจ, ื“ื™ ื’ื™ื›ืขืจ ืคืึทืจ ืึทืœืฅ ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ื”ืขื›ืขืจ ืกืคึผืจืขื“ื– ืึทื˜ืึทื˜ืฉื˜ ืฆื• ื“ืขื ื˜ื™ืคึผ ืคื•ืŸ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ. ื“ื™ ืกื™ื‘ื” ื•ื•ืึธืก ืกืคึผืจืขื“ื– ืื•ืŸ ืคื™ื– ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื™ื•ื–ืฉืึทื•ื•ืึทืœื™ ื”ืขื›ืขืจ ืื™ื– ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ื“ืขืจ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืื™ื– ืœื•ื–ื™ื ื’ ื’ืขืœื˜ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืคื™ื–.

    ืึทืกืขื˜ ื“ื™ื™ื•ื•ืขืจืกื™ื˜ื™

    ืจื•ื‘ึฟ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ืขืจื– ื•ื•ื™ ืฆื• ืคืึธืงื•ืก ืื•ื™ืฃ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืึท ื‘ื™ืกืœ ืึทืกืขืฅ, ืกืคึผืขืฆื™ืขืœ ืฆื• ืึธื ื”ื™ื™ื‘ืŸ. ืขืก ืื™ื– ื’ืจื™ื ื’ืขืจ ืฆื• ื‘ืึทืœืขื‘ืึธืก ืึท ื‘ื™ืกืœ ืžืืจืงืคืœืขืฆืขืจ ื•ื•ื™ ืึทืœืข. ื ืึธืš ืึทืœืข, ืขืก ืงืขืŸ ื ืขืžืขืŸ ื™ืึธืจืŸ ืฆื• ืœืขืจื ืขืŸ ื•ื•ื™ ืฆื• ืœื™ื™ืขื ืขืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืคื•ื ืึทื ื“ืขืจืงืœื™ื™ึทื‘ืŸ ืคึผืจื™ื™ืกื™ื ื’ ื˜ืจืขื ื“ืก.

    ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืขื•ื•ื™ื™ื ื˜ ืฆื• ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ืึท ืคึผืœืขื˜ืึธืจืึท ืคื•ืŸ ืคืึทืจืฉื™ื“ืขื ืข ืึทืกืขื˜ ืงืœืืกืŸ, ื ืึธืš ืจื™ืกืคึผืขืงื˜ื™ื•ื•ืœื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆืŸ ื’ืขื–ืขืฆืŸ. ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืื™ืจ ื–ื•ื›ื˜ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื“ืขืึทืœ ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท-ื’ืขื”ืึธืจื›ื™ืง ืžืขืงืœืขืจ, ืžื™ืจ ืจืขืงืึธืžืขื ื“ื™ืจืŸ ืฆื• ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ืื™ื™ื ืขืจ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืึธืคืคืขืจืก ืึท ื‘ืจื™ื™ื˜ ืคืึทืจืฉื™ื™ื“ื ืงื™ื™ึทื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื™ื ืกื˜ืจืึทืžืึทื ืฅ ืฆื• ื”ืขืœืคึฟืŸ ืื™ืจ ื“ื™ื•ื•ืขืจืกืึทืคื™ื™ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ ืคึผืึธืจื˜ืคืขืœ. 

    ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืื•ืŸ ื˜ืขื›ื ื™ืฉ ื™ื ื“ืึทืงื™ื™ื˜ืขืจื–

    ื•ื•ื™ ืžื™ืจ'ื•ื•ืข ื’ืขื–ืื’ื˜, ืขืก ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื ืขืžืขืŸ ื™ืึธืจืŸ ืฆื• ื‘ืขืœ ื“ืขืจ ืงื•ื ืกื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’, ืคึฟืึทืจืฉื˜ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืกื˜ืืจื™ืฉืข ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื– ื“ืึทื˜ืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืึทื–ืึท ื•ื•ื™. ื™ื“ืขืึทืœืœื™, ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ื–ืึธืœ ืคืึธืจืฉืœืึธื’ืŸ ืึท ืคืึทืจืฉื™ื™ื“ื ืงื™ื™ึทื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื˜ืขื›ื ื™ืฉ ื™ื ื“ืึทืงื™ื™ื˜ืขืจื– ืฆื• ื”ืขืœืคึฟืŸ ืื™ืจ ืคึฟืึทืจืฉื˜ื™ื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืžืึทืจืง ืกืขื ื˜ื™ืžืขื ื˜.

    ื“ืึธืก ื›ื•ืœืœ:

    • ืฉื˜ื™ืฆืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืงืขื’ื ืฉื˜ืขืœ.
    • ืงืึธืจืขื•ื• ืกื˜ืจืขื ื’ื˜ื” ืื™ื ื“ืขืงืก (ืจืกื™).
    • Bollinger Bands.
    • ืึทืกืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ืขืจ.
    • ืคึผืึทืจืึทื‘ืึธืœื™ืง ืกืึทืจ.
    • ืžืึธื•ื•ื™ื ื’ ื“ื•ืจื›ืฉื ื™ื˜ืœืขืš ืงืึทื ื•ื•ืขืจื“ื–ืฉืึทื ืก ื“ื™ื™ื•ื•ืขืจื“ื–ืฉืึทื ืก (MACD).
    • ืกื›ื•ื™ืจืข ื˜ืฉืึทื ื ืขืœ ืื™ื ื“ืขืงืก (CCI).
    • ืกื˜ืึธืงืึทืกื˜ื™ืงืก.

    ืกื™ื™ื“ืŸ ืื™ืจ ื ื•ืฆืŸ ืึท ื’ืึธืจ ืึธื˜ืึทืžื™ื™ื˜ื™ื“ ืขืึท ืกื™ืกื˜ืขื (ืจืึธื‘ืึธื˜) ืื•ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืื•ื™ืฃ ืึท ืคึผืึทืกื™ื•ื• ืฉื˜ื™ื™ื’ืขืจ, ืึทืœืข ื“ื™ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื™ื ื•ื•ืึทืœื™ืึทื‘ืึทืœ. ื›ืึธื˜ืฉ ื ื™ื˜ ื™ืขื“ืขืจ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ืคืึธืจืฉืœืึธื’ืŸ ืึทืœืข ื“ื™ ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื, ืื™ืŸ ืžื™ื ื“ืกื˜ืขืจ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื•ื•ื•ื™ืœื˜ื•ื™ืง ืคึฟืึทืจ ืื™ืจ.ืื•ื™ื‘ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืคืจื™ื™ึทื ื“ืœืขืš ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ืคืึธืจืฉืœืึธื’ืŸ ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืื•ืŸ ืึทื ืึทืœื™ืกื™ืก ืื•ื™ืฃ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ื˜ ื™ื•ื–ืฉืึทื•ื•ืึทืœื™ ืึทืงืกืขืก ื–ื™ื™ ืคืจื™ื™ ืึทื ื“ืขืจืฉ ื•ื•ื•.

    ื“ืึธ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืคื•ืŸ โ€‹โ€‹ื“ื™ ืžืขืจืกื˜ ื ื•ืฆื™ืง ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื’ืขื ื™ืฆื˜ ื“ื•ืจืš ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ืขืจื–:

    • ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื˜ืึธื’ื‘ื•ืš / ื–ืฉื•ืจื ืึทืœ.
    • ืงืจืึทื ื˜ืงื™ื™ึทื˜ ืงืึธืจืึทืœื™ื™ืฉืึทืŸ.
    • ืคึผื™ืคึผ ืงืึทืœืงื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจ.
    • ืžื˜ืงืกื ื•ืžืงืก/5 ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข.
    • ืคื•ื ื“ืึทืžืขื ื˜ืึทืœ ืึทื ืึทืœื™ืกื™ืก.
    • ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืคืึทืจืฉืคึผืจื™ื™ื˜ืŸ ืคืึทืจื’ืœื™ื™ึทืš.
    • ืขืงืึธื ืึธืžื™ืฉ ื ื™ื™ึทืขืก ืงืึทืœืขื ื“ืึทืจืก.
    • ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆื™ืขืœ ื ื™ื™ึทืขืก ื•ื•ื™ ืจืขื•ื˜ืขืจืก.
    • ืฆื™ื™ื˜ ื–ืึธื ืข ืงืึทื ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ืขืจ.
    • ื•ื•ืึทืœืึทื˜ื™ืœืึทื˜ื™ ืงืึทืœืงื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจ.

    ืึทื•ื•ืขืงืœื™ื™ื’ืŸ ืื•ืŸ ื•ื•ื™ื˜ื“ืจืึธืึทืœ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื“ื•ืจ

    ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืขืก ืงื•ืžื˜ ืฆื• ืฉืœื™ืกืœ ืžืขื˜ืจื™ืงืก ืฆื• ื”ื™ื˜ืŸ ื–ื™ืš, ืฆืึธืœื•ื ื’ ืžืขื˜ื”ืึธื“ืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื“ืึธืจื˜ ืึทืจื•ื™ืฃ ืžื™ื˜ ืกืคึผืจืขื“ื–, ืคื™ื– ืื•ืŸ ืงื•ื ื” ืฉื˜ื™ืฆืŸ. ื ื™ื˜ ืึทืœืข ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ื–ืขืœื‘ืข, ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ืžืึทื›ืŸ ื–ื™ื›ืขืจ ืึทื– ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืœื›ืขืจ ืฆืึธืœื•ื ื’ ืื™ื– ืื ื’ืขื ื•ืžืขืŸ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ืขืจ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข ืื™ื™ื“ืขืจ ืื™ืจ ื–ื™ืš ืื™ื™ื ื’ืขืฉืจื™ื‘ืŸ.

    ื“ื™ ืžืขืจืกื˜ ืึธืคื˜ ืฆืึธืœื•ื ื’ ืžืขื˜ื”ืึธื“ืก ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ื˜ ื“ื•ืจืš ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ืคืืœื’ืขื ื“ืข:

    ื’ืขื“ืขื ืงืขืŸ ืึทื– ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ืึทื•ื•ืขืงืœื™ื™ื’ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ืึท ื‘ืึทื ืง ื“ืจืึธื˜ ืึทืจื™ื‘ืขืจืคื™ืจืŸ, ืขืก ื™ื•ื–ืฉืึทื•ื•ืึทืœื™ ื ืขืžื˜ ืžืขืจ ืึธื ืงื•ืžืขืŸ. ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ืึทื•ื•ืขืงืœื™ื™ื’ืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ืึท E- ื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืœ, ืคึฟืึทืจ ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืึธื ื”ื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื›ึผืžืขื˜ ืžื™ื“.

    ืงื•ื ื” ืกื•ืคึผืคึผืึธืจื˜

    ื“ื™ ืงื•ื ื” ืฉื˜ื™ืฆืŸ ืึธืคึผืฆื™ืขืก ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ื˜ ืคึฟื•ืŸ ืึท ื‘ืจืึธื•ืงืขืจื™ื“ื–ืฉ ืคื™ืจืžืข ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื•ื•ื™ื›ื˜ื™ืง. ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ื˜ ืงื•ืง ื•ื•ืึธืก ืึธืคึผืฆื™ืขืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื‘ืืจืขื›ื˜ื™ื’ื˜ ื“ื•ืจืš ื‘ืื–ื•ื›ืŸ ื“ื™ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข ืคืจื™ืขืจ ืกื™ื™ื ื™ื ื’ ืึทืจื•ื™ืฃ. ืื™ืจ ื–ืึธืœ ื–ืขืŸ 24/7 ืœืขื‘ืŸ ืฉืžื•ืขืกืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืึท ื˜ืขืœืขืคืึธืŸ ืฉื˜ื™ืฆืŸ ืฉื•ืจื”, ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืึทื– ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื–ืขื ื˜ ืื™ืŸ ืึท ืคืึทืจืจื™ื›ื˜ืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืขื ื˜ืคึฟืขืจืก, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื“ืขืจื’ืจื™ื™ื›ืŸ ืขืžืขืฆืขืจ ื’ืœื™ื™ืš.

    ืื•ื™ื‘ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืื™ื– ืื•ื™ืฃ ืึท ื’ืขื–ืขืœืฉืึทืคื˜ืœืขืš ืžื™ื“ื™ืึท ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข, ื“ืึธืก ืงืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืึท ื’ื•ื˜ืข ื•ื•ืขื’ ืฆื• ื”ืึทืœื˜ืŸ ื–ื™ืš ืžื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ื ื™ื™ึทืขืก ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืคื™ืจืžืข ืื•ืŸ ืคืึทืจื‘ื™ื ื“ืŸ ื–ื™ืš ืžื™ื˜ ืื ื“ืขืจืข ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ืขืจื–.

    ื•ื•ื™ ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืฆื• ืขืคึฟืขื ืขืŸ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ื˜

    ืื™ืฆื˜ ืื™ืจ ื–ืึธืœ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื ืคืึธืจืžื“ ื’ืขื ื•ื’ ืฆื• ืขืคึฟืขื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืึธื ื”ื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’. ืฆื• ืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ื“ื™ ืจืขื›ื˜ ืคึฟื™ืก ืžื™ืจ ืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ืึท ืฉืจื™ื˜ ื“ื•ืจืš ืฉืจื™ื˜ ื•ื•ืขื’ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทื–ืขืจ ื•ื•ื™ ืฆื• ืึธื ื”ื™ื™ื‘ืŸ.

    ื˜ืจืขื˜ืŸ 1: ืฆื™ื™ื›ืŸ ืึทืจื•ื™ืฃ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืึทืงืึทื•ื ื˜

    ื“ืขืจ ืขืจืฉื˜ืขืจ ื–ืึทืš ืื™ื– ืขืจืฉื˜ืขืจ - ื’ื™ื™ืŸ ืฆื• ื“ื™ ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ ืคืจื™ื™ึทื ื“ืœืขืš ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข ืื•ืŸ ืกืขืœืขืงื˜ื™ืจืŸ ื“ืขื ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืึธืคึผืฆื™ืข ืึธื“ืขืจ ืงื•ืง ืคึฟืึทืจ ืึท ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ-ืคืจื™ื™ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ. ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ื˜ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื–ืขืŸ ืื™ื™ื ืขืจ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™, ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืงืึธื ื˜ืึทืงื˜ ืงื•ื ื” ื‘ืึทื“ื™ื ื•ื ื’ืก ืื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื’ื™ื›ืขืจ ืคืึทืจ ืึทืœืฅ ืึทื– ื–ื™ื™ ื•ื•ืขืœืŸ ืึทื“ืึทืคึผื˜ ืึท ื ืึธืจืžืึทืœ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืฆื• ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืื“ืขืจืคืขื ื™ืฉืŸ.

    ื›ืœ ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ื˜ืึธืŸ ืื™ื– ืึทืจื™ื™ึทืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืคืขืจื–ืขื ืœืขื›ืข ืื™ื ืคึฟืึธืจืžืึทืฆื™ืข, ื‘ืœื™ืฆืคึผืึธืกื˜ ืึทื“ืจืขืก ืื•ืŸ ืึท ื™ื™ื ืฆื™ืง ืคึผืึทืจืึธืœ - ื ืื›ื’ืขื’ืื ื’ืขืŸ ื“ื•ืจืš ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืคึฟืจืื’ืŸ ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆื™ืขืœ ืฉื˜ื™ื™ืขื ื“ื™ืง. ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืึทืœืข ืจืขื›ื˜ ืฆื• ื“ื™ KYC (ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืงื•ื ื”) ื›ึผืœืœื™ื ืฉื˜ืขืœืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืคึผืœืึทืฅ ื“ื•ืจืš ืจืขื’ื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจื™ ืœืœื‘ืขืจ, ื ื™ื™ืžืœื™ ืฆื• ืคืึทืจืžื™ื™ึทื“ืŸ ื’ืขืœื˜ ืœืึธื ื“ืขืจื™ื ื’ ืื•ืŸ ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆื™ืขืœ ืฉื•ื•ื™ื ื“ืœ.

    ื˜ืจืขื˜ืŸ 2: ืึทืจื™ื™ึทื ืฉืจื™ื™ึทื‘ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื’ืขืฉื™ื›ื˜ืข

    ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ื ื™ื˜ ืึทืœืข, ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืก ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืขืงืกื˜ืจืข ืื™ื ืคึฟืึธืจืžืึทืฆื™ืข ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืคืจื™ืขืจื“ื™ืงืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื“ืขืจืคืึทืจื•ื ื’. ื“ื™ ืกื™ื‘ื” ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ืขื ืื™ื– ืฆื• ื”ืขืœืคึฟืŸ ื“ื™ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืคึฟืึทืจืฉื˜ื™ื™ืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื“ืขืจืคืึทืจื•ื ื’ ืื•ืŸ ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืจืขืงืึทืžืขื ื“ื™ื“ ืฆื•ื ืขืžืขืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืึทืงืึทื•ื ื˜-ืคืจื™ื™ึทื ื“ืœืขืš ืคึผืจืึธื“ื•ืงื˜ืŸ.

    ื˜ืจืขื˜ืŸ 3: ืึทื•ื•ืขืงืœื™ื™ื’ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ื˜

    ืื™ืฆื˜ ืื™ืจ ื”ืึธื˜ ื–ื™ืš ืื™ื™ื ื’ืขืฉืจื™ื‘ืŸ, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ื˜ ืคืึธืจื–ืขืฆืŸ ืฆื• ืคืึธื ื“ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืืงืื•ื ื˜. ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืกืขืœืขืงื˜ื™ืจืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืคืึทืจืึทื ืขืŸ ืฆืึธืœื•ื ื’ ืึธืคึผืฆื™ืขืก ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืื•ื™ืกื“ืขืจื•ื•ื™ื™ืœื˜ ื‘ืจืึธื•ืงืขืจื™ื“ื–ืฉ ืื•ืŸ ืงืœื™ื™ึทื‘ืŸ ืึท ืกื•ืžืข ืฆื• ืึทื•ื•ืขืงืœื™ื™ื’ืŸ.

    ื’ืขื“ืขื ืงืขืŸ, ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืคึผืจืึทื•ื•ื™ื™ื“ืขืจื– ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืึท ืžื™ื ื™ืžื•ื ืึทื•ื•ืขืงืœื™ื™ื’ืŸ ืกื•ืžืข. ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืคืึทืœ ืคื•ืŸ capital.com, ื“ืึธืก ืื™ื– ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– $ 1,000 ืคึฟืึทืจ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ.

    ืฉืจื™ื˜ ืงืกื ื•ืžืงืก: ืึธื ื”ื™ื™ื‘ ื˜ืจืึทื“ื™ื ื’

    ืื•ื™ืฃ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืก ืึทื–ืึท ื•ื•ื™ Capital.com, ื‘ืึทืฉื˜ืขื˜ื™ืงืŸ ืึท ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืงืขืŸ ื ืขืžืขืŸ ื•ื•ื™ื™ื ื™ืงืขืจ ื•ื•ื™ 10 ืžื™ื ื•ื˜. ืžื™ืจ ืจืขืงืึธืžืขื ื“ื™ืจืŸ Capital.com ืคึฟืึทืจ ื‘ื™ื’ื™ื ืขืจื–, ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ื ืึธื›ืžืึทื›ืŸ ืึท ื™ืงืกืคึผื™ืจื™ืึทื ืกื˜ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ืขืจ, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืื™ืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืึทืงืกืขืก ืฆื• ืึท ื“ืขืžืึธ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืžื™ื˜ $ 100,000 ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ืคึผืึทืคึผื™ืจ ื’ืขืœื˜ ืฆื• ืฉืคึผื™ืœืŸ.

    ื‘ืขืกื˜ืขืจ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืคื•ืŸ 2022

    ืื™ืจ ืžื™ืกื˜ืึธืžืข ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืœืึธืขื˜ ืฆื• ืึธื ื”ื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ืื•ืŸ ืขืคึฟืขื ืขืŸ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืืงืื•ื ื˜. ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื–ืขื ื˜ ื ืึธืš ื ื™ื˜ ื‘ืึทืฉืœืึธืกืŸ ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื˜ืจืขืคืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืื“ืขืจืคืขื ื™ืฉืŸ - ืงื•ืง ืื™ืŸ ืื•ื ื“ื–ืขืจ ืฉืคึผื™ืฅ 5 ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืคื•ืŸ 2022.

    1. ืึทื•ื•ืึทื˜ืจืึทื“ืข - ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืคึฟืึทืจ MT4 / MT5

    ื“ืขืจ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง-ืคืจื™ื™ึทื ื“ืœืขืš ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืื™ื– ื’ืึธืจ ืœื™ื™ืกืึทื ืกื˜ ืื•ืŸ ืจืขืคึผื™ืึทื˜ืึทื‘ืึทืœ. AvaTrade ื”ืื˜ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ื™ื– ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ืฆื• ืึทื“ืึทืคึผื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืฆื• ื“ื™ื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ื‘ืื“ืขืจืคืขื ื™ืฉืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืืžื•ื ื” ืื•ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืกื˜ื™ืœ. ื“ื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ื˜ืขื’ืœืขืš ืกื•ื•ืึทืคึผืก ืึธื“ืขืจ ื™ื‘ืขืจื ืึทื›ื˜ื™ืง ืคื™ื–, ืึทื–ื•ื™ ื–ื™ื™ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื’ืึธืจ ื’ืขื”ืึธืจื›ื™ืง ืžื™ื˜ ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ.

    ื“ื™ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข ืึธืคืคืขืจืก ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ ื–ื™ืœื‘ืขืจ ืื•ืŸ ื’ืึธืœื“ ืึทื•ื•ืึทื˜ืจืึทื“ืข ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืื•ืŸ ืึทืœืึทื•ื™ื ื’ ืื™ืจ ืฆื• ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ื™ื™ืœ ืคื™ื•ื˜ืฉืขืจื– (ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ-ืคืจื™ื™). ื“ืขืจ ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท-ื’ืขื”ืึธืจื›ื™ืง ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืื™ื– ืื•ื™ืš ื‘ื ื™ืžืฆื ืคึฟืึทืจ MT4 ืื•ืŸ MT5, ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ื•ื™ืกื’ืขืฆื™ื™ื›ื ื˜ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื˜ืขื›ื ื™ืฉ ืึทื ืึทืœื™ืกื™ืก ืื•ืŸ ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื– ื˜ืฉืึทืจืฅ ืขื˜ืง.

    ื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืคื™ื– ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื•ื•ื™ื™ื•ื•ืขืจื“ ืื•ื™ืฃ ืึทืœืข ืึทืกืขืฅ, ืื•ืŸ AvaTrade ื˜ืฉืึทืจื“ื–ืฉื“ ืึทื“ืžื™ืŸ ืคื™ื– ื•ื•ืขืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืคืึธืจืขืงืก ื“ื•ืจืš ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืืงืื•ื ื˜. ืึทื“ืžื™ื ื™ืกื˜ืจืึทืฆื™ืข ืคื™ื– ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื˜ืฉืึทืจื“ื–ืฉื“ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืขืคืขื ืขืŸ ืคืึธืจืขืงืก ืฉื˜ืขืœืขืก.

    ื‘ื™ื˜ืข ื˜ืึธืŸ ืึทื– ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืคืึธืจืขืงืก ืคึผืขืจื– ืžื™ื˜ MXN, RUB, TRY ืึธื“ืขืจ ZAR ื“ื•ืจืš ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ืขื ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข. ื“ื™ ืึทื•ื•ืขืงืœื™ื™ื’ืŸ ืคืืจืœืื ื’ื˜ ืฆื• ืขืคึฟืขื ืขืŸ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืืงืื•ื ื˜ ืื™ื– $ 100. ืกื™ืžืคึผืœื™ ืฆื™ื™ื›ืŸ ืึทืจื•ื™ืฃ, ืคืึธืจืœื™ื™ื’ืŸ ื“ืขืจื•ื•ื™ื™ึทื– ืคื•ืŸ ืœืขื’ื™ื˜ื™ืžืึทืฆื™ืข ืื•ืŸ ืคึผืœืึธืžื‘ื™ืจืŸ ืึท ื‘ืขื˜ืŸ ืคืึธืจืขื ืฆื• ืึธื ื”ื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื“ื•ืจืš ืึท ืึทื•ื•ืึทื˜ืจืึทื“ืข ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ.

    ืื•ื ื“ื–ืขืจ ืฉืึทืฅ

    71% ืคื•ืŸ ืœืึทื›ืึธื“ื™ืž - ื™ื ื•ื•ืขืกื˜ืขืจ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืคืึทืจืœื™ืจืŸ ื’ืขืœื˜ ื•ื•ืขืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืžื™ื˜ CFDs ืžื™ื˜ ื“ืขื ืฉืคึผื™ื™ึทื–ืขืจ
    ื‘ืึทื–ื•ื›ืŸ Avatrade ืื™ืฆื˜

    2. Capital.com - ืงืึทืžื™ืฉืึทืŸ-ืคืจื™ื™ ืื•ืŸ ืงืึทืžืคึผืขื˜ื™ื˜ื™ื•ื• ืกืคึผืจืขื“ื– ืื•ื™ืฃ ืงื•ืคึผืขืจ

    Capital.com ืึทืœืึทื•ื– ืื™ืจ ืฆื• ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ืงื•ืคึผืขืจื“ ืกื›ื•ื™ืจืข ืžื™ื˜ ืงื•ืคึผืขืจ. ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ื˜ ืื•ื™ืš ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ืกื˜ืึทืคืก ืคื•ืŸ ืงื•ืคึผืขืจ ืžื™ื™ื ื™ื ื’ ืงืึธืžืคึผืึทื ื™ืขืก ืึทื–ืึท ื•ื•ื™ ื“ื™ ื“ืจื•ื ืงื•ืคึผืขืจ ืงืึธืจืคึผ. ืึทืคึผืคึผืจืึธื•ื•ืขื“ ื“ื•ืจืš ื‘ื™ื™ื“ืข ื“ื™ ืคืงืึท ืื•ืŸ ืกื™ื™ืกืขืง, ื“ืขืจ ื‘ืจืึธื•ืงืขืจื™ื“ื–ืฉ ื“ืขืจื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ื”ืื˜ ืื™ื‘ืขืจ 700,000 ืงืœื™ื™ืึทื ืฅ.

    ื“ื™ ืฆื™ื™ื˜-ืึทื ืขืจื“ ืฉืขื ืื•ืŸ ืขืงืกืคึผืขืจื˜ื™ื– ืคื•ืŸ Capital.com ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืงืขื ื˜ื™ืง ืคึฟื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื•ื•ืึทืกื˜ ืกื•ื•ื™ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ืจืขืกื•ืจืกืŸ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื ื™ื™ึทืข ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ืขืจื–. ื“ืึธืก ื›ื•ืœืœ CFD ื“ืขืžืึธ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ, ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืงืึธืจืกืึทื– ืื•ืŸ ื‘ื™ืœื“ื•ื ื’ืงืจื™ื™ื– ื•ื•ื™ื“ื™ืืก.

    Capital.com ืื™ื– ืื™ื™ื ืขืจ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื•ื•ื™ื™ื ื™ืง ื‘ืจืึธืงืขืจืก ื•ื•ืึธืก ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื‘ืึทืฉื•ืœื“ื™ืงืŸ ืื™ืจ ื ื•ืœ ืงืึธืžื™ืกื™ืข ืคึฟืึทืจ ืงื•ืคึผืขืจ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื–. ื–ื™ื™ ืื•ื™ืš ื“ืขืงืŸ ื“ื™ ืงืึธืก ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื“ื™ืคึผืึทื–ืึทืฅ ืื•ืŸ ื•ื•ื™ื“ื“ืจืึธืึทืœื–.

    ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื ืึธืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืฆื• ื‘ืึทืฆืึธืœืŸ ื“ื™ ืคืึทืจืฉืคึผืจื™ื™ื˜ืŸ, ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืื•ื™ืš ื”ืขื›ืกื˜ ืงืึทืžืคึผืขื˜ื™ื˜ื™ื•ื• ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข. ื“ื™ ืžื™ื ื™ืžื•ื ืึทื•ื•ืขืงืœื™ื™ื’ืŸ ืื™ื– 20 ื“ืึธืœืœืึทืจืก, 20 ืคื•ื ื˜ ืึธื“ืขืจ 20 ืขื•ืจืึธืก, ืึธื“ืขืจ ืื™ืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืงืจืึทื ื˜ืงื™ื™ึทื˜ ืื™ืจ ื‘ืขืกืขืจ ื•ื•ืขืœืŸ ืฆื• ืฆืึธืœืŸ.

    ืื•ื ื“ื–ืขืจ ืฉืึทืฅ

    • ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ืงืึทืžืึทื“ืึทื˜ื™ื– ืงืึธืžื™ืกื™ืข-ืคืจื™ื™
    • ืงืึทืžืคึผืขื˜ื™ื˜ื™ื•ื• ืกืคึผืจืขื“ื–
    • ืจืขื’ื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ืึทื“ ื“ื•ืจืš ื‘ื™ื™ื“ืข FCA ืื•ืŸ CySEC
    75.26% ืคื•ืŸ ืจืขื˜ืึทื™ืœ ื™ื ื•ื•ืขืกื˜ืขืจ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืคืึทืจืœื™ืจืŸ ื’ืขืœื˜ ื•ื•ืขืŸ ืคืึทืจืฉืคึผืจื™ื™ื˜ืŸ ื‘ืขื˜ื™ื ื’ ืื•ืŸ / ืึธื“ืขืจ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ CFDs ืžื™ื˜ ื“ืขื ืฉืคึผื™ื™ึทื–ืขืจ. ืื™ืจ ื–ืึธืœ ื‘ืึทื˜ืจืึทื›ื˜ืŸ ืฆื™ ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืคืึทืจื’ื™ื ืขื  ื–ื™ืš ืฆื• ื ืขืžืขืŸ ื“ื™ ื”ื•ื™ืš ืจื™ื–ื™ืงื™ืจืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ืœื•ื–ื™ื ื’ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืขืœื˜.

     

    ืฆื• ืขื ื“ื™ื’ืŸ

    ื•ื•ื™ ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ืขืŸ, ืขืก ืื™ื– ืœืขื’ืึทืžืจืข ืžืขื’ืœืขืš ืคึฟืึทืจ ืžืขื ื˜ืฉืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืืžื•ื ื” ืฆื• ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ื’ืขื–ืขืฆืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆืŸ - ื‘ืฉืขืช ื–ื™ื™ ื‘ืœื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ื’ืึธืจ ืจืขืกืคึผืขืงื˜ืขื“ ืฆื• ื“ื™ ื›ึผืœืœื™ื ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืงื•ื•ืจืึทืŸ. ื›ืœ ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ื–ื™ืš ืึท ืจืขื’ื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ืึทื“ ื‘ืจืึธื•ืงืขืจื™ื“ื–ืฉ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข ืื•ืŸ ืคืึทืจืฉืจื™ื™ึทื‘ืŸ ืึท ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ.

    ืขืก ืื™ื– ืื•ื™ืš ื•ื•ื™ื›ื˜ื™ืง ืฆื• ื’ืขื“ืขื ืงืขืŸ ืึทื– ื ื™ื˜ ืึทืœืข ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืก ืžืขืœื“ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ. ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื’ืขืจื•ืคึฟืŸ 'ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ-ืคืจื™ื™' ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ, ืึธื“ืขืจ 'ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ' ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ. ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ืงืขืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื–ืขืŸ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืึทืคืึธืจืžืขื ืฉืึทื ื“, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืื™ืจ ื–ืขื ื˜ ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืกื™ืจื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ืžืขืงืœืขืจ, ืฉื™ืงื˜ ื–ื™ื™ ืึท E- ื‘ืจื™ื•ื• ืื•ืŸ ื–ื™ื™ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืงืึทืกื˜ืึทืžื™ื™ื– ืึท ื ืึธืจืžืึทืœ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืฆื• ื˜ืจืขืคืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืกื•ื•ืึทืคึผ-ืคืจื™ื™ ื‘ืื“ืขืจืคืขื ื™ืฉืŸ.

    ืคึฟืึทืจ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืื™ื™ื’ืขื ืข ืฉื•ืฅ ืื•ืŸ ืฉืœื•ื ืคื•ืŸ ื’ื™ื™ึทืกื˜, ืžื™ืจ ืฉื˜ืืจืง ืจืขืงืึธืžืขื ื“ื™ืจืŸ ืฆื• ืฆื™ื™ื›ืŸ ืึทืจื•ื™ืฃ ืžื™ื˜ ืึท ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืžื™ื˜ ืึท ื“ืขืจืœื•ื™ื‘ืขื ื™ืฉ ืคื•ืŸ ืึท ื’ื•ืฃ ืึทื–ืึท ื•ื•ื™ ื“ื™ FCA ืึธื“ืขืจ ืึทื–ื™ืง - ืึทื–ืึท ื•ื•ื™ ื“ื™ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืžื™ืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืœื™ืกื˜ืขื“ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ืขื ื‘ืœืึทื˜.

    Capital.com ืื™ื– ืึท ืžืึทืœื˜ื™-ืึทืกืขื˜ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข ื•ื•ืึธืก ืึธืคืคืขืจืก ื‘ื™ื™ื“ืข ื™ื ื•ื•ืขืกื˜ื™ื ื’ ืื™ืŸ ืกื˜ืึทืงืก ืื•ืŸ ืงืจื™ืคึผื˜ืึธ ืึทืกืขืฅ, ื•ื•ื™ ื’ืขื–ื•ื ื˜ ื•ื•ื™ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ CFDs.

    ื‘ื™ื˜ืข ื˜ืึธืŸ ืึทื– CFDs ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืงืึธืžืคึผืœืขืงืก ื™ื ืกื˜ืจืึทืžืึทื ืฅ ืื•ืŸ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืึท ื”ื•ื™ืš ืจื™ื–ื™ืงื™ืจืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ืœื•ื–ื™ื ื’ ื’ืขืœื˜ ืจืึทืคึผืึทื“ืœื™ ืจืขื›ื˜ ืฆื• ืœื™ื•ื•ืขืจื™ื“ื–ืฉ. ืงืกื ื•ืžืงืก% ืคื•ืŸ ืœืึทื›ืึธื“ื™ืž - ื™ื ื•ื•ืขืกื˜ืขืจ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืคืึทืจืœื™ืจืŸ ื’ืขืœื˜ ื•ื•ืขืŸ ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืžื™ื˜ CFDs ืžื™ื˜ ื“ืขื ืฉืคึผื™ื™ึทื–ืขืจ. ืื™ืจ ื–ืึธืœ ื‘ืึทื˜ืจืึทื›ื˜ืŸ ืฆื™ ืื™ืจ ืคึฟืึทืจืฉื˜ื™ื™ืŸ ื•ื•ื™ CFDs ืึทืจื‘ืขื˜ ืื•ืŸ ืฆื™ ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืคืึทืจื’ื™ื ืขื  ื–ื™ืš ืฆื• ื ืขืžืขืŸ ื“ื™ ืจื™ื–ื™ืงื™ืจืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ืœื•ื–ื™ื ื’ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืขืœื˜.

    ืคืึทืจื’ืึทื ื’ืขื ื”ื™ื™ื˜ ืคืึธืจืฉื˜ืขืœื•ื ื’ ืื™ื– ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืึทืŸ ืึธื ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทื– ืคื•ืŸ ืฆื•ืงื•ื ืคึฟื˜ ืจืขื–ื•ืœื˜ืึทื˜ืŸ

    ืงืจื™ืคึผื˜ืึธืึทืกืกืขืฅ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื•ื•ืึทืœืึทื˜ืึทืœ ื™ื ืกื˜ืจืึทืžืึทื ืฅ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื•ื•ืึทืงืœืขื  ื•ื•ื™ื™ื“ืœื™ ืื™ืŸ ืึท ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ืงื•ืจืฅ ืฆื™ื™ื˜ ืจืึทื ืื•ืŸ ื“ืขืจื™ื‘ืขืจ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืคึผืึทืกื™ืง ืคึฟืึทืจ ืึทืœืข ื™ื ื•ื•ืขืกื˜ืขืจื–. ืื ื“ืขืจืข ื•ื•ื™ ื“ื•ืจืš CFDs, ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืงืจื™ืคึผื˜ืึธืึทืกืขืฅ ืื™ื– ืึทื ืจืขื’ื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื“ ืื•ืŸ ื“ืขืจื™ื‘ืขืจ ืื™ื– ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืกื•ืคึผืขืจื•ื•ื™ื™ื–ื“ ื“ื•ืจืš ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืื™.ื™ื•. ืจืขื’ื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจื™
    framework.

    Capital.com USA LLC ืึธืคืคืขืจืก ืงื™ื™ืŸ CFDs ืื•ืŸ ื’ื™ื˜ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืคืึทืจื˜ืจืขื˜ื•ื ื’ ืื•ืŸ ื ืขืžืขืŸ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืึทื›ืจื™ื™ึทืขืก ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ ื“ื™ ืึทืงื™ืขืจืึทืกื™ ืึธื“ืขืจ ืงืึทืžืคึผืœื™ื˜ื ืึทืก ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืื™ื ื”ืึทืœื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ืขื ื•ื™ืกื’ืึทื‘ืข, ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ื’ืขื•ื•ืขืŸ ืฆื•ื’ืขื’ืจื™ื™ื˜ ื“ื•ืจืš ืื•ื ื“ื–ืขืจ ืฉื•ื˜ืขืฃ ืžื™ื˜ ืขืคื ื˜ืœืขืš ืคืึทืจืึทื ืขืŸ ืื™ื ืคึฟืึธืจืžืึทืฆื™ืข ื•ื•ืขื’ืŸ Capital.com.

     

    Eightcap - ืจืขื’ื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ืึทื“ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข ืžื™ื˜ ืขื ื’ ืกืคึผืจืขื“ื–

    ืื•ื ื“ื–ืขืจ ืฉืึทืฅ

    ืคืึธืจืขืงืก ืกื™ื’ื ืึทืœื– - EightCap
    • ืžื™ื ื™ืžื•ื ืึทื•ื•ืขืงืœื™ื™ื’ืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– $ 250
    • 100% ืงืึธืžื™ืกื™ืข-ืคืจื™ื™ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข ืžื™ื˜ ืขื ื’ ืกืคึผืจืขื“ื–
    • ืึธืคึผืฆืึธืœ-ืคืจื™ื™ ืคึผื™ื™ืžืึทื ืฅ ื“ื•ืจืš ื“ืขื‘ื™ื˜ / ืงืจืขื“ื™ื˜ ืงืึทืจื“ืก ืื•ืŸ E- ื•ื•ืึธืœืึทืฅ
    • ื˜ื•ื™ื–ื ื˜ืขืจ ืคื•ืŸ CFD ืžืืจืงืคืœืขืฆืขืจ ืึทืจื™ื™ึทื ื’ืขืจืขื›ื ื˜ Forex, ืฉืึทืจืขืก, ืงืึทืžืึทื“ืึทื˜ื™ื– ืื•ืŸ ืงืจื™ืคึผื˜ืึธืงื•ืจืจืขื ืกื™
    ืคืึธืจืขืงืก ืกื™ื’ื ืึทืœื– - EightCap
    71% ืคื•ืŸ ืœืึทื›ืึธื“ื™ืž ื™ื ื•ื•ืขืกื˜ืขืจ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืคืึทืจืœื™ืจืŸ ื’ืขืœื˜ ื•ื•ืขืŸ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ืงืคื“ ืžื™ื˜ ื“ืขื ืฉืคึผื™ื™ึทื–ืขืจ.
    ื‘ืึทื–ื•ื›ืŸ ืึทื›ื˜ืงืึทืคึผ ืื™ืฆื˜

    FAQs

    ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืื™ืš ืคึผืจื•ื‘ื™ืจืŸ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืคืจื™ื™?

    ื™ืึธ, ืื•ื™ื‘ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืจื™ืจื” ืึธืคืคืขืจืก ื“ืขืžืึธ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข (ืขื˜ืึธืจืึธ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ), ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ื˜ ืคึผืจื•ื‘ื™ืจืŸ ืึท ืคืจื™ื™ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืคืจื™ื™.

    ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืึท ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ ืืงืื•ื ื˜?

    ื ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ ืคืจื™ื™ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืื™ื– ื“ื™ ื–ืขืœื‘ืข ื•ื•ื™ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ. ื“ืขืจ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื™ืœื™ืžืึทื ื™ื™ืฅ ื“ื™ ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ ืึธืคึผืฆืึธืœ (ื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก / ืจื™ื‘ืึท) - ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ืื™ื ื˜ืขืจืขืก ืื™ื– ืคึผืจืึธื•ื›ื™ื‘ืึทื˜ืึทื“ ืœื•ื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ืฉืึทืจื™ืึท ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ.

    ื˜ืึธืŸ ืึทืœืข ื‘ืจืึธืงืขืจืก ืคืึธืจืฉืœืึธื’ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ?

    ื ื™ื™ืŸ, ื ื™ื˜ ืึทืœืข ื‘ืจืึธืงืขืจืก ืคืึธืจืฉืœืึธื’ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ. ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืก ื˜ืึธืŸ ื ื™ื˜ ืžืขืœื“ืŸ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืกืคึผืึทืกื™ืคื™ืงืœื™, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ื–ื™ื™ ื•ื•ืขืœืŸ ืึทื“ืึทืคึผื˜ ืึท ื ืึธืจืžืึทืœ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืฆื• ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื ื™ื“ื–. ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ื•ื•ืขืœืŸ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืคืึธืจืฉืœืึธื’ืŸ ื•ื™ืกื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ. ื‘ืจืึธืงืขืจืก ื•ื•ื™ ืขื˜ืึธืจืึธ ืื•ืŸ ืึทื•ื•ืึทื˜ืจืึทื“ืข ืคืึธืจืฉืœืึธื’ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืื•ืŸ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื’ืึธืจ ืจืขื’ื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ืึทื“.

    ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืื™ืš ื”ืึทื ื“ืœ ืกื˜ืึทืงืก ืื™ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ืคื™ื ืึทื ืกื™ื ื’ ื’ืขื–ืขืฆืŸ?

    ื™ืึธ, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ื˜ - ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื ืึธืจ ื”ืึทื ื“ืœืขืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ืกื˜ืึทืงืก ื•ื•ืึธืก ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื’ืขืจืขื›ื ื˜ ื”ืึทืœืึทืœ. ื“ืขืจื™ื‘ืขืจ, ืขืก ืื™ื– ื‘ืขืกืขืจ ืฆื• ื”ืึทืœื˜ืŸ ืึทืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืคึฟืึทืจ ื’ื™ื™ื“ืึทื ืก.

    ื•ื•ื™ ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืงืขืŸ ืื™ืš ืึทื•ื•ืขืงืœื™ื™ื’ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืžื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืกืœืึทืžื™ืง ื˜ืจื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื’ ืืงืื•ื ื˜?

    ืึทื– ื“ืขืคึผืขื ื“ืก ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืžืขืงืœืขืจ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข, ืึธื‘ืขืจ ื“ืขืจ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขืก ืื™ื– ื™ื•ื–ืฉืึทื•ื•ืึทืœื™ ื˜ืึทืงืข ื’ืจื™ื ื’. ืจื•ื‘ึฟ ืงืึธืžืคึผืึทื ื™ืขืก ืึธื ื ืขืžืขืŸ ื“ืขื‘ื™ื˜ / ืงืจืขื“ื™ื˜ ืงืึทืจื“ืก, E- ื•ื•ืึธืœืึทืฅ ืื•ืŸ ื‘ืึทื ืง ืึทืจื™ื‘ืขืจืคื™ืจืŸ